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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Nahr al-Asi, Orontes), a river in Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. The Asi is 571 km long and drains an area of 22,300 sq km. Rising in Lebanon in the al-Biqa Valley, it flows in Syria through Lake Homs (area, 60 sq km) and along the bottom of the marshy graben known as the al-Ghab. In Turkey it flows along the basin of Amik Gölü, with which it is linked by a channel, and then empties into the Gulf of Antakya of the Mediterranean Sea. The mean flow rate is approximately 80 cu m per sec, with increased water volume in winter. The Asi is used for irrigation. The cities of Homs, Syria, and Antakya, Turkey, are situated on the river.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Abbr. for “Architects and Surveyors Institute.”
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.