Abu al-Abbas as-Saffah

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Abu al-Abbas as-Saffah

(ä`bo͞o äl-äbäs` äs-säfä`), d. 754, 1st AbbasidAbbasid
or Abbaside
, Arab family descended from Abbas, the uncle of Muhammad. The Abbasids held the caliphate from 749 to 1258, but they were recognized neither in Spain nor (after 787) W of Egypt.
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 caliph (749–54). Raised to the caliphate by the armed might of Abu MuslimAbu Muslim
, c.728–755, Persian leader of the Abbasid revolution. By political and religious agitation he raised (747) the black banners of the Abbasids against the ruling Umayyad family.
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, he took the reign name as-Saffah [shedder of blood]. Most of the Umayyad family was exterminated, and the reign was one of massacre and force. He was succeeded by his brother al-MansurMansur, al-
[Arab.,=the victorious], d. 775, 2d Abbasid caliph (754–75) and founder of the city of Baghdad. His name was in full Abu Jafar abd-Allah al-Mansur. He was brother and successor of Abu al-Abbas.
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It should not be forgotten that the first caliph of the Bani Abbas, which held office from 750 to 1517, and which was thus the dynasty with the longest tenure, As-Saffah, was three-quarters black, having a black mother and a black grandmother.This is not really the first attack by white supremacists on mosques, with previous episodes in London and the USA.
The Barmakid family was an early supporter of the Abbasid revolt against the Umayyads and of As-Saffah. Many Barmakids were patrons of the sciences, which greatly helped the propagation of Greek science and scholarship from the neighboring Academy of Gundishapur into the Arabic world.