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Gray, Asa,1810–88, one of America's leading botanists and taxonomists, b. Oneida co., N.Y. As professor of natural history at Harvard from 1842, he was the teacher of many eminent botanists. Through his voluminous writings in periodicals and his well-known textbooks, he helped popularize the study of botany. With John TorreyTorrey, John,
1796–1873, American botanist and chemist, b. New York City, M.D. College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1818. He was professor of chemistry (1827–55) at his alma mater and professor of chemistry and natural history (1830–54) at Princeton.
..... Click the link for more information. he explored the W United States and helped to revise the taxonomic procedure of LinnaeusLinnaeus, Carolus
, 1707–78, Swedish botanist and taxonomist, considered the founder of the binomial system of nomenclature and the originator of modern scientific classification of plants and animals. He studied botany and medicine and taught both at Uppsala.
..... Click the link for more information. on the basis of a more natural classification. Gray's Manual of Botany was edited by M. L. FernaldFernald, Merritt Lyndon
, 1873–1950, American botanist, b. Orono, Maine, grad. Harvard, 1897. He taught at Harvard (1902–49) and was director of the Gray Herbarium there from 1937. Fernald was the editor (with Benjamin L.
..... Click the link for more information. (8th centennial ed. 1950); it is a standard reference work for the flora of the United States E of the Rocky Mts. He initiated the quarterly Gray Herbarium Card Index, listing all the vascular plants of the Western Hemisphere described since 1873. Among his many other writings, which are still highly valued, are Structural Botany (6th ed. 1879) and The Elements of Botany (1887).
See his letters (ed. by J. L. Gray, 1893, repr. 1973); biography by A. H. Dupree (1968).
Born Nov. 18, 1810, in Paris; died Jan. 30, 1888, in Cambridge, Mass. American botanist.
Gray became a professor at Harvard University in 1842 and created one of the world’s richest herbaria there. He was one of the most important investigators of the flora of North America and author of a number of textbooks and guides in the field of botany. Together with C. Lyell, he persuaded C. Darwin (1858) to hasten publication of his theory of the origin of species. He participated actively in the dissemination and defense of Darwin’s ideas.