Ashanti

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Ashanti

(äshän`tē) or

Asante

(äsän`tē), historic and modern administrative region, central Ghana, W Africa. The region is the source of much of Ghana's cocoa. It is inhabited by the Ashanti, a matrilineal Akan people who constitute one of Ghana's major ethnic groups. Before the 13th cent., Akan peoples migrated into the forest belt of present-day Ghana and established small states in the hilly country in the neighborhood of modern Kumasi. By the late 17th cent. the states had been welded by the Oyoko clan into the Ashanti confederation, with the capital at Kumasi and the Oyoko chieftain as king. After subduing neighboring states the confederation came into conflict with British settlements on the coast, although treaties of friendship were negotiated (1817, 1820). A series of Anglo-Ashanti wars in the 19th cent. ended with the defeat of the confederation (1896) and its annexation (1901) to the Gold Coast colony. The British exiled King Prempeh I to the Seychelles and, in spite of great resistance, broke up the confederation. It was restored in 1935. In 1945 the Ashanti were given representation in the executive and legislative councils of the Gold Coast. They supported an unsuccessful attempt to give Ghana a federal constitution in 1954 and resisted the centralizing measures of the Nkrumah government. The Ashanti king remains influential in S Ghana. The Ashanti are noted for the quality of their gold work and their colorful kente cloth, and are famous for the gold-encrusted stool that is the symbol of the kingship.

Bibliography

See R. A. Lystad, The Ashanti (1958, repr. 1968); R. Battray, Ashanti (1923, repr. 1971).

Ashanti

 

Federation of the Ashanti, an early feudal-type state that flourished on the territory of the Gold Coast (now Ghana) from the late 17th century to the 19th century. The state was formed in 1697–1701. Agriculture and household industries played a large part in the economy of Ashanti (pottery, woodcarving, weaving, metalworking, etc.). The slave trade and gold trade were practiced. The supreme chief (asantehene) stood at the head of the state, with his residence in the town of Kumasi, and local chiefs (omanhene) headed the various districts. In 1896, Great Britain seized Ashanti in the course of the seventh Anglo-Ashanti war and concluded a treaty with various tribes establishing a protectorate. The Ashanti government then ceased to exist. After the 1900 Ashanti uprising against the British colonial rule was put down, Britain incorporated the territory of Ashanti into the Gold Coast colony in 1901. In 1935 the British formally restored the Ashanti state, but power in the country actually remained in the hands of the British governor of the Gold Coast. After the formation of the independent state of Ghana, the territory of Ashanti obtained the status of a region under the 1957 constitution.

REFERENCES

Potekhin, I. I. “O feodalizme u ashanti.” Sovetskaia etnologiia, 1960, no. 6.
Potekhin, I. I. Stanovlenie novoi Gany. Moscow, 1965.

Ashanti

(dreams)

The Ashanti, also known as the Akans, are a people who live in the central region of Ghana. As with other African societies, for the Ashanti dreams hold the status of superior realities, and, it has been suggested, for some individual Ashantis dreams have as much if not more reality than waking experiences. R.S. Rattray, for example, has reported if a husband learns that another has dreamed of sexual intercourse with his wife, he will sue the dreamer for adultery because their souls are believed to have had sexual intercourse.

In an ethnopsychiatric study of the Ashanti, M.J. Field focuses on the distinction frequently made between “free” or spontaneous dreams and stereotypical dreams that is, those dreams individuals have repeatedly. Field describes how certain common elements of dream narratives indicate what they represent. For instance, in a dream the theme of being chased—whether by a deity, an animal, or even a weapon—indicates an individual who is afraid of retribution for a sin.

Ashanti

an administrative region of central Ghana: former native kingdom, suppressed by the British in 1900 after four wars. Capital: Kumasi. Pop.: 3 187 607 (2000). Area: 24 390 sq. km (9417 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
We know that it is generally wrongfully assumed that Asantes are the most ethnocentric and tribalistic ethnic group in this country, even though evidence proves otherwise; so, with all the negativity that are dumped on Asantes, just imagine how Ghana will erupt if Badu Kobi had not included Asante women in his condemnation of the other two ethnic groups, and, even if he did, but decided not to give the Asante women the worst tag.
Q: And then one fine day, according to Asante history, Okomfo Anokye, by some great spiritual feat, conjured the Golden Stool from the skies, which became, and still is, the soul of the Asante nation; it is revered by all Asantes.
The Asantes were concerned with five key issues: financial independence, retirement planning, estate planning, education planning, and life insurance.
So here we are with another one semester educated pastor called Pastor Kofi Oduro, who came out and spewed ethnocentric statements against Kwahus and Asantes, blaming them for pulling this government down.
Asante Gold Corporation announces that it has entered into an agreement with BXC Company (Ghana) Limited (BXC) to form the Kubi Gold JV, a 50:50 joint venture to develop the Kubi Mining Leases in Ghana towards production.
Africans forget their history at their peril, says the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, the king of the Asante people of Ghana.
Many Ghanaians know me as a former Member of Parliament (MP) for Berekum and a lawyer in Accra, but, yes, even so, my mother is a Jaman royal and my father is an Asante royal.
Asante Gold Corporation (Asante or the Company) announces that it has reached agreement with Sikasante Mining Company Limited of Accra, Ghana (Sikasante) to earn up to a 100% interest in its Keyhole Gold Project in Ghana.
Now, the Asantes and the Akyems, immediate neighbours in southern Ghana, are of common descent.
It was a wonderful sight to behold thousands of Asantes, mostly clad in beautiful kente (hand-woven silk cloths) filling the Kumase Sports Stadium to greet their King.