Aschoff, Karl Albert Ludwig

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aschoff, Karl Albert Ludwig


Born Jan. 10, 1866, in Berlin; died June 24, 1942, in Freiburg. German pathologist, professor at the universities of Marburg (beginning in 1903) and Freiburg (1906–36).

Of major interest are Aschoff’s studies of the arterioven-tricular connective system of the heart, which revealed a uniquely differentiated muscular bundle (the so-called Aschoff-Tavar bundle) at the base of the partition of the auricles; his studies of the pathological anatomy of rheumatic myocarditis revealing accumulations of cells (Aschoff nodules) that are characteristic of this disease; and his studies of the pathogenesis of tuberculosis, gallstone disease, ulcers of the stomach and the duodenum, and so on.


Zur normalen und pathologischen Anatomie des Greisen alters. Berlin-Vienna, 1938.
In Russian translation:
Limfaticheskie organy. Moscow, 1928.
Sovremennye problemy patologii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1932.


Bencke, R. “Zur Erinnerung an Ludwig Aschoff.” Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 1942, no. 32.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.