ascocarp

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Related to Ascomata: mycelium

ascocarp

[′as·kə‚kärp]
(mycology)
The mature fruiting body bearing asci with ascospores in higher Ascomycetes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ascomata lirellate, unbranched to sparsely branched, prominent, 1-3 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm broad, 0.2-0.3 mm high; disc concealed; labia entire, apically exposed, black, with irregular, lateral thalline margin.
For microscopic examinations, free-hand sections of ascomata were mounted in water, 5% KOH, 1% phloxine or cotton blue, and observed under light microscope (Olympus CX31).
Pacioni and Fantini (1997), who first studied and described the taxon in Italy, seemed to have used only very few ascomata originated in Sardinia and Spain and selected, among macro-and microscopic features useful for differentiating the species from T.
Here we describe a new species discovered in Colombia, which even without the support of molecular data differs from all other accepted species, featuring large ascomata and the longest ascospores known in the genus and a unique ascoma morphology, with yellowish-green-pruinose margins.
in Muayala Natural Reserve near Arar city at the north-east of Saudi Arabia, has permit to obtain for the first time of relatively big ascomata of Picoa spp.
Species of the order Pleosporales with applanate ascospores can be found in three families (Diademaceae, Hysteriaceae, and Pleosporaceae), which differ in the way the ascomata open [1].
Ascomata a cleistothecia nonstromaticae in catervis parvis, 150-300 [micro]m in diametrer, superfycialia, aggregate, cinerea, glovosaevel, subglobosae.
The microscopic features of ascomata and conidial heads were examined from wet mounts prepared in lactic acid under light microscopy.
Parallel evolution of hysterothecial ascomata in ascolocularous fungi (Ascomycota, Fungi).
This genus is characterized by superficial ascomata usually covered with hairs or setae (6); membranaceous peridium, consisting of several pseudoparenchymatous layers; asci that are clavate or fusiform (with biseriately arranged ascospores) or sometimes cylindrical (with uniseriately arranged ascospores), thin-walled, evanescent and without apical structures; scarce paraphyses that disappear before ascocarps mature (7); ascospores that are brown or gray-brown (never opaque or black), one celled, with one or sometimes two germ pores, and exuding as a dark, black, sticky mass (8).
Epigloea lives in association with algal films and it is still unclear the specificity of the relationship of the fungus with the algae since it is common to find different algal species below the fungal ascomata. Although it was previously thought to be a lichen, modern works treat it as a highly adapted biotrophic parasitism (Dobbeler 1984).
Kernia bartlettii differs in having nonostiolate ascomata as with other species of Lophotrichus, K.