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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.
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, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ri Hyok-chol struck moments after Asgabat took the lead in the 80th minute to save Rimyongsu in a match where the Koreans enjoyed long periods of possession and created more chances.
BEIRUT: Defending champions Riyadi Beirut advanced their bid for yet another basketball gold with a sweeping 116-54 victory over minnows Belent Asgabat from Turkmenistan Monday on day one of the 23rd FIBA ASIA Champions Cup taking place in Beirut.
Even though the opponents were no match for Riyadi from the offset, the Manara side kept their pressure on both ends of the floor, as Belent Asgabat were forced into committing 42 turnovers.
Asgabat can virtually clinch a berth in the next round with a game to spare if it overcomes Rimyongsu in the 5 p.m.
Unfortunately for Lebanon, this year's tournament will feature the lowest number of participants, as only five teams have confirmed their participation: Riyadi Beirut, Iran's Mahram, Iraq's Duhok, Turkmenistan's Belent Asgabat and Mongolia's E.R Falcons.
Taiwan's Tatung and Turkmenistan's HTTU Asgabat were still playing at press time.
Chinese Taipei side Tatung clashes with HTTU Asgabat of Turkmenistan at 7:30 p.m.