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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.
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, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that the Managing Director of PIA directed the flight captain to land at the nearest possible location which was Ashgabad.
After the signing of the GPFA in Ashgabad next week, the countries plan to convene rigorous rounds of negotiations to finalise the Gas Sales Purchase Agreement during a proposed TAPI summit in Ashgabad.
Two female Jehovah's Witnesses, Durdygul Ereshova and Annajemal Tuyliyeva, were detained and beaten at a police station in Ashgabad, the capital.
Its original twinning with Oxford in the late 1940s was the second one ever and is still flourishing, yet since the 1990s Bonn's major interest has shifted towards places such as Minsk, Ulann Bator, Ashgabad, Buchara, Petropolis and La Paz (Oxford has followed a similar route).
Shikhmuradov is accused by Ashgabad officials of masterminding an attack on Niyazov's motorcade in November which was supposed to have led to a coup d'etat.
On July 27, in what seemed like coordinated actions with Tehran, Ashgabad sent a diplomatic note to Baku claiming that the fields it referred to as Osman, Khazar and Atyn-Asyr (and that Azerbaijan called the Shargh, Guneshly and Azeri fields) belonged to Turkmenistan.
President Kuchma is planning to visit Ashgabad in early Octoberto sign an Agreement with Turkmenistan's President, Saparmurad Niazov, to supply gas to Ukraine (reportedly, at a price of USD42 per 1,000 cubic metres).
Turkmenistan's biggest oil development deal was signed on July 10 in Ashgabad, with Mobil and Monument Oil, of the US and UK respectively.
AHMET GURBANNEPESOV was born in the village of Buzmeyin in Ashgabad province.
"This powerful gas pipeline will create the opportunity to increase in the near future the amount of Turkmen gas delivered to China up to 40 billion cubic meters in a year," the Turkmen leader said in Ashgabad during the negotiations.
108/2011 Ratifying the agreement for the creation of an international axis for transport and transit between the governments of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan ' (Ashgabad agreement) signed in Ashgabad April 25th 2011.
After the signing of GPFA in Ashgabad next week, the parties are planning to convene rigorous rounds of negotiations so as to finalize the Gas Sales Purchase Agreement during a proposed TAPI summit in Ashgabad.