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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.


, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Turkmenistan, as depository state of Ashgabat Agreement, informed India on February 1, 2018, that all the four founding members have consented to its accession.
Ashgabat Agreement envisages facilitation of transit and transportation of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.
Upon receipt of approval of the Union Cabinet for India's accession to the Ashgabat Agreement, India had deposited the Instrument of Accession with Turkmenistan in April 2016.
New Delhi [India] Feb 1 ( ANI ): India has joined the Ashgabat agreement which envisages setting up of an international transport and transit corridor between Iran, Oman, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
A test flight of the Boeing from Ashgabat to Yerevan was done in September 2017.
A message from the ministry in Ashgabat said: 'The Turkmen side noted that regional economic integration is one of foreign policy priorities.
After winning semi-final match, Akbari hit Uzbekistan 9-2 in final match and received the fourth gold medal of Iranian freestyle wrestling team in Ashgabat 2017.
Qatar's 3x3 Basketball team comes into the Ashgabat 2017 5th Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games ambitious, confident but humble.
At the same time, President Berdymuhamedov addressed the sports contingent of Turkmenistan at the Olympic Village in Ashgabat as the lighting up of the torch was shown live through the video link.
Mirza, who returned from the team base in San Pellegrino in Southern Italy at the end of August, is presently continuing his preparations in the UAE along with the four other national squad cyclists till their departure for Ashgabat on September 15.
Wepaly means loyal friend in Local Turkmen dialect, and the Ashgabat 2017 mascot will promote health, inspiration and friendship in the lead up to the Games, and welcome the world in September with warm hospitality.
Axalta Coating Systems has provided its Alesta SD or Super Durable line of powder coatings for the facade of Central Asia's largest airport, the new Ashgabat International Airport.