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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.


, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Situated across the Caspian Sea from Baku, Azerbaijan, which has proven to be a good route since its launch last year, we believe Ashgabat will also develop into a successful route for flydubai.
The Russian delegation to Ashgabat was headed by President Dmitry Medvedev, who was meeting Turkmen leader Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov for the third time in as many months in an attempt to solve the gas supply row.
IPIC's CEO Khadem al-Qubaisi then met with Turkmen President Berdimuhamedov in Ashgabat.
Following further technical seminars in London, Houston and Ashgabat, oil companies will be invited to enter into direct negotiations with the Government of Turkmenistan for any of the 32 Blocks now on offer, which covers 76,000 sq.
He underlined launching of the Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran railway project as an outstanding example of cooperation between Tehran and Ashgabat.
The parties also have stated the similarity of the positions of Ashgabat and Budapest on various issues of regional and global agenda.
The Chairman of the SJSC Riga International Airport Board - Andris Liepins stated, The new route enables the airports of Riga (Latvia) and Ashgabat to access new passenger transport markets, which is an essential condition for the passenger growth.
Bush, who travelled to Ashgabat in 2010 to meet with Berdymukhamedov.
Parties to the planned Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India natural gas pipeline met last week in Ashgabat for a regular meeting of the pipeline's steering committee.
Garlyk is also an experiment in decreasing the pressure on Ashgabat.
The 2nd High Level Experts Group Meeting on Combating Drugs, Terrorism and Organized Crime will not only provide a further impetus to enhance ECO partnership in fight against illicit drugs and related crime but would also review the decisions taken by the previously held two ECO Interior Ministers Meetings held in Tehran and Ashgabat respectively.
According to an announcement here on Friday, the Minister has left for Ashgabat to sign the agreement.