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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.


, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
DAY 19, ASHGABAT, TURKMENISTAN, 4,496 MILES Turkmenistan is an oil-rich nation still steeped in the old Soviet empire - this is a proper police state.
Summary: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Tuesday arrived in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.
According to a report in Discovery News, the cart models, which may have been ritual objects or children's toys, were found at Altyndepe, a Chalcolithic and Bronze Age settlement in Western Central Asia near Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.
Hassan, who was selected in recognition of his contribution to Islamic economics, will be awarded $40,000, a citation and a badge with the IDB's insignia at the 34th IDB Board of Governors' annual meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, on June 2-3.
Currently the only direct routes from Birmingham to India involve stops in Vienna, Bratislava or Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.
embassy information resource center opened recently in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.
Murad Begliyev of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, is one of many professors and scholars participating in a program at Texas A&M University that aims to help their countries' economies and U.
The details of the announcement were made at the 5th Turkmenistan International Oil and Gas Conference (TIOGE) which was officially opened in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, by His Excellency Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan, with a Welcome Address delivered by Deputy Prime Minister, Mr.
Tajik Foreign Minister Sirojiddin Aslov met on May 5 with UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov on the sidelines of the 9th meeting of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Sub-regional Drug Control Cooperation in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, reports the press service of Tajik foreign ministry.
The Board of Directors of TAPI Pipeline Company Limited (TPCL) held its first meeting yesterday in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan and appointed Mr.
AE[currency]KABAT (CyHAN)- It is planned to hold an international conference on migration and stateless persons in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, in June, a message from Turkmenistan government said on April 29.
TEHRAN (FNA)- High-ranking Iranian oil ministry officials are scheduled to participate in the Turkmenistan Oil and Gas Conference OGT 2013 due to be held in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, from November 19 to 21.