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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also ashik), a folk singer and storyteller among the Azerbaijanis and neighboring peoples in the Soviet Union and Turkey. The term ashug has been known in Azerbaijan since the 15th century (the ashug Gurbani), but the art of the ashug has a still longer history (as exemplified by the ozans of the tenth and 11th centuries). The ashug in Azerbaijan has long been called El anasi (Mother of the People) in Azerbaijan, because it has always expressed the hopes of the people, defended the freedom to love, and sung of devotion to country. The lyrical poetry of the ashugs comprises dozens of forms and styles. There is a rich ashug music (havajai). Many folk dastans (epics) on amorous, heroic, and moralistic themes are attributed to the ashugs. The traditions of ashug poetry are still alive today. Ashugs perform at concerts and write songs and dastans on themes of modern life.


Krivonosov, V. “Ashugi Azerbaidzhana.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1938, no. 4.
Kocharian, A. Armianskaia narodnaia muzyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
Arasli, H. Ashig yaradïjïlïghï. Baku, 1960.
Ibrahimov, M. Ashig poeziyasinda realizm. Baku, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ashik Ali, from Warwick Road in Coventry, has applied to Coventry City Council for permission to do the work.
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We can now offer so much more to the Omani population," said Dr Ashik Sainu, medical director of the hospital.
Surgeon Dr Vandana Thoravade said Ashik Gavai suffered from complex odontoma, a rare condition in which a tumour grows underneath the gum and creates smaller tooth-like growths called denticles.
Ashik Gavai, 17, sought medical help for a swelling on the right side of his lower jaw and the case was referred to the city's JJ Hospital, where they found he was suffering from a condition known as complex odontoma, head of dentistry Sunanda Dhivare-Palwankar told AFP.
The youngster's father, Suresh Gavai, said that the family had been worried that Ashik's swelling was a cancerous growth.
The men, Irfan Naseer, Irfan Khalid, Ashik Ali, Rahin Ahmed, Bahader Ali and Mujahid Hussain, were jailed last April for a variety of terror related offences.
Yet planning mass murder was not enough for Al Qaida inspired Iran Naseer, Irfan Khalid, Ashik Ali, Rahin Ahmed, Bahader Ali and Mujahid Hussain.
AFS scored 188 for eight, led by a strong effort from Rajiv who scored 80 runs and Ashik who chipped in with 35.
At the head of the gang with Naseer were his "inseparable" lieutenant Irfan Khalid, 28, and Ashik Ali, also 28, who provided them with a safe house.
Ringleader Irfan Naseer received a life sentence, his right-hand man Irfan Khalid was jailed for 18 years and co-conspirator Ashik Ali was jailed for 15 years by a judge at Woolwich Crown Court in southeast London.