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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.
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, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"An ECO passenger train is already operating between Istanbul and Tehran and its service will shortly be extended to Ashkabad (Turkmenistan).
India opened up Balochistan specific three consulates in Zahidan, Bandar Abbas and Ashkabad in Iran and established refugee camps for Balochistan dissidents in Kandahar, Spin Boldak, Helmand and Nimroz," the report stated.
Apart for 'Allahabad Se Ashkabad Tak' one comes across Sibte Hasan's 'Sajjad Zaheer', 'Roshnai: Ek Taaruf', 'Roshani: Ek Mukhtasar Tabsira', 'Ghazal Aur Hafiz Ke Difa Mein' and 'Sibte Hasan Ke Naam Do Khat'.
People from Ashkabad to Zanzibar won't have a clue where West Midlands or where Sandwell is, for example, but after a quick glance at a UK map will find a great big dot slap bang in the middle of the country labelled Birmingham.
ASHKABAD: Russia is to boost the volume of gas it imports from key producer Turkmenistan, the chief executive of gas giant Gazprom said yesterday, amid growing competition for the ex-Soviet country's energy riches.
An agreement was signed on December 27, 2002 at Ashkabad among the governments for the construction of $3.5 billion 1,700 km gas pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan to transport upto 20 billion cubic meters annually.
According to one local, a disgruntled customer from Ashkabad in the CIS, on discovering he had been sold a faulty television set, bought another ticket to Dubai and took it straight back to the souq.
diplomatic facilities in Baku, Azerbaijan; Istanbul, Turkey; Frankfurt, Germany; London; and Ashkabad, Turkmenistan, all of which have large expatriate Iranian populations and/or proximity to Iran.
Pakistan and Turkmenistan have finally agreed to sign a gas sale and purchase agreement (GSPA) in Ashkabad on November 15, for delivery of 1.3 billion cubic feet a day of Turkmen gas at 69 per cent of crude oil parity price under the $7.6 billion Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline project.
Summary: Turkmenistan-Afghan-Pakistan-India transnational gas pipeline, or TAPI, took a good step forward as Ashkabad and Islamabad have agreed on the illusive pricing formula and have vowed to complete it in the shortest possible time.
ASHKABAD, May 18, 2011 (TUR) -- A monument titled "Constitution Monument" and built by a Turkish company was inaugurated in the Turkmen capital of Ashkabad on Wednesday as part of celebrations to mark the national Constitution Day and Festival of Development and National Unity.
ASHKABAD: Turkmenistan has asked Russia's Gazprom to increase the price it pays for exports of natural gas from the Central Asian state by at least 30 per cent next yar, Gazprom said yesterday.