Ashmun, Jehudi,1794–1828, U.S. agent to Liberia, b. Champlain, N.Y. After entering the Congregationalist ministry and spending a few years in teaching and editorial work, he was sent by the American Colonization SocietyAmerican Colonization Society,
organized Dec., 1816–Jan., 1817, at Washington, D.C., to transport free blacks from the United States and settle them in Africa. The freeing of many slaves, principally by idealists, created a serious problem in that no sound provisions were
..... Click the link for more information. to Liberia. He found the colony ridden with fever, short of supplies, and threatened by native attack. Ashmun with a handful of men repulsed the attacks, and for the next six years, despite severe hardships, he built up the colony. He wrote History of the American Colony in Liberia from December 1821 to 1823 (1826).
See biography by R. R. Gurley (1835, repr. 1971).