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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Armenian kings of the Bagratid Dynasty.

Ashot I Bagratuni. Founded the Bagratid Dynasty. He became king in 886 and died in 891. He was a distinguished military figure and farsighted politician. Ashot I led the struggle for the independence and unification of Armenia. He placed the important feudal lords of Armenia under his command and obtained the support of the church. In the 880’s he defeated the Arab army. The Arab caliph and the Byzantine emperor, who had been mutual rivals, each sent a crown to Ashot I in 886, thus recognizing the independence of Armenia.

Ashot II the Iron. Began ruling in 914 and died in 928. He waged a stubborn resistance against the Arabs, who had sought to abolish Armenia’s independence. In 921 he defeated the Arab army on the shores of Lake Sevan and cleared the Arabs from most of Armenia. He was nicknamed The Iron because of his persistence and steadfastness in the struggle with the Arabs. In 922 the caliph was compelled to recognize Ashot II as the sovereign ruler of Armenia.

Ashot III the Merciful. Reigned from 953 to 977. Like his predecessors, he pursued a policy of strengthening centralized power and unifying the country and, for this purpose, created a powerful regular army. In 961, Ashot III transferred his residence from Kars to Ani, which became the capital of all Armenia and played an important role in its unification. Major construction projects were carried out during the reign of Ashot III, and the capital of Ani grew rapidly.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
144 reports of violations were registered at the early parliamentary elections in Armenia, Police Colonel Ashot Sargsyan said at a press conference at the Central Election Commission, Trend reports citing Armenian media.
Former sports minister Hrachya Rostomyan was appointed emergencies minister, Artur Grigoryan - minister of energy infrastructures and natural resources, Lilit Makunc - culture minister, Erik Grigoryan - minister of nature protection, Ashot Hakobyan - minister of transport, communication and information technologies.
Earlier, the champion had held his nerve to narrowly edged out Russia's Ashot Badalyan 15-14, while Kirilov had accounted for Anas Abdul Khaliq of Iraq, 15-9.
"We have good cooperation in the field of water resources, especially Aras River and we are working on the quality issues of the river which is important to us," Alireza Daemi was quoted by Iran Daily, which cited Irna, referring to his talks with Ashot Manukyan, Armenia's minister of energy infrastructures and natural resources.
Iranian science minister is expected to meet with Minister of Energy Infrastructures and Natural Resources of Armenia Ashot Manukyan in his three-day visit to the country.
So in hopes of supercharging harlequin bug control, ARS researchers Don Weber and Ashot Khrimian with the Beltsville lab have been working on a synthetic version of the insect's own aggregation pheromone to use as a lure, either to trap them directly or to make trap crops work better.
The Foreign Ministry press service reports that Deputy Foreign Minister of Armenia Ashot Hovakimyan, the UK Ambassador
A CYPRIOT court has ordered a freeze on assets belonging to Russian billionaire Suleiman Kerimov over a high-profile financial dispute with former politician Ashot Yegiazaryan, according to Russian media.
A delegation of the Russian foreign ministry was headed by Director of the Department for North America Alexander Darchiyev, while an Armenian delegation - by Deputy Foreign Minister Ashot Hovakimyan.
The Ukranian authorities have taken no measures to help release LIfeNews journalists despite the OSCE appeals, Director General of LifeNews television Ashot Gabrelyanov told ITAR-TASS on Tuesday.
On Monday, February 17, Ashot Sarkissjan will be at St Paul's to play new and recent works for solo violin.