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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.
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, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Representatives of Taliban and the Afghan opposition alliance reportedly agreed Sunday after four days of talks in the Turkmenistan capital Ashqabad to negotiate the division of power in the state institutions of executive, legislature and judiciary and hold further talks on a cease-fire.
ISLAMABAD, March 16 Kyodo The agreement reached between the Afghan Taliban and rival Afghan groups in Turkmenistan's capital Ashqabad on Sunday was not a breakthrough but ''an important first step toward peace,'' a senior U.N.