Ashug

Ashug

 

(also ashik), a folk singer and storyteller among the Azerbaijanis and neighboring peoples in the Soviet Union and Turkey. The term ashug has been known in Azerbaijan since the 15th century (the ashug Gurbani), but the art of the ashug has a still longer history (as exemplified by the ozans of the tenth and 11th centuries). The ashug in Azerbaijan has long been called El anasi (Mother of the People) in Azerbaijan, because it has always expressed the hopes of the people, defended the freedom to love, and sung of devotion to country. The lyrical poetry of the ashugs comprises dozens of forms and styles. There is a rich ashug music (havajai). Many folk dastans (epics) on amorous, heroic, and moralistic themes are attributed to the ashugs. The traditions of ashug poetry are still alive today. Ashugs perform at concerts and write songs and dastans on themes of modern life.

REFERENCES

Krivonosov, V. “Ashugi Azerbaidzhana.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1938, no. 4.
Kocharian, A. Armianskaia narodnaia muzyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
Arasli, H. Ashig yaradïjïlïghï. Baku, 1960.
Ibrahimov, M. Ashig poeziyasinda realizm. Baku, 1966.

M. G. TAKHMASIB

References in periodicals archive ?
Widely using mugham, ashug music and folk songs, he created a kind of musical language.
Mehriban Aliyeva, carpet, coppercrafts, tar, kamancha art, ashug art, croak, chevchen and others.
the novel, which mentioned a drunken ashug at a wedding party in Nardaran.
International Mugham Center launches a new grandiose project "Evenings of ashug music".
Evenings of ashug music, organized by Azerbaijan Ashugs Union will run from January to May.
As one of the oldest musical culture Ashug spoke of the importance of Azerbaijan.
As a result of the efforts of Mehriban Aliyeva, the First Vice-President in 2009 of the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of ashug art was included in the list.
Azerbaijani ashug Elkhan Jalilov will perform at the international "Ashug Garib" festival in Tehran, Iran.
People's Artists of Azerbaijan, including Fidan Hajiyeva, Heydar Anatolu, Honored Artists Zakir Aliyev, Almaz Orujova, Lala Mammadova, Javanshir Mammadov, Firuza Ibadova, Nurlan Novrasli, Honored Artist of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Ehtiram Huseynov, Honored Worker of Culture ashug Samira Aliyeva, singers Arzu Aliyeva, Fuad Musayev, Perviz Gasimov , Gulnar Gudratli, Aynur Iskenderli, Nijat Jafarzadeh, Nadir Gafarzadeh and others performed on the same stage.
He also noted the Azerbaijani tradition of ashugs who tell their stories while playing an oud-like stringed instrument called the saz.
While composers and performers of and listeners to classical music and jazz are more common in urban places, ashugs (who play saz and sing) and performers of mugham (a traditional vocal and instrumental style) can be found all over the country.
DMenderes the same time, the measures planned by the Federation of Turkish world, as well as the support of the University of Istanbul, "Turkish World Documentary Film Festival", "Korkut Ata Ashugs Caravan" projects, spoke about the importance of their implementation.