Ashur


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Related to Ashur: Ashurbanipal, Assyria, Baal, Ishtar, Nineveh

Ashur

(ăsh`ər), in the Bible, founder of Tekoa.

Ashur

(ăsh`o͞or), chief god of Assyria. Important as a god of war, he became the omniscient king of the pantheon, replacing the Babylonian Marduk. His name appears variously as Asur, Assur, Ashshur, Asshur, and Ashir.

Ashur

 

or Assur, a city in Assyria (today the ruins of Qalat Sharqat in Iraq).

The oldest archaeological layer dates back to the fourth millennium B.C. During the late third and the early second millennia B. C. it was a city-state administered by a governor (ishshakkum or shaknu) jointly with a council of elders. It was an advance post of Sumero-Akkadian culture and a major center for transit trade. Ashur became the capital of Assyria in the middle of the second millennium B.C. It ceased to be the residence of the king in the ninth century B.C., but it continued to be the capital. It was destroyed in 614 B.C. by the Medes. In the last centuries up to the Christian era it was a Parthian city. The ruins of Assur were discovered in 1821 and first investigated by the English scholar A. Layard from 1845 to 1847. Between 1903 and 1914 the German scholars R. Koldewey and W. Andrae discovered two lines of fortifications (the most ancient probably date back to the turn of the second millennium B.C.) with monumental gates and bastions. A library with cuneiform texts (including Hittite) was found that was older than Ashurbanipal’s. Pre-Parthian Assur consisted of the Inner City and the New City. (In the Inner City remains of palaces; temples of Nebo, Ishtar, Sin and Shamash, and Anu and Adad; ziggurats; and other structures have been preserved.) Monuments of Parthian times (many built on the ruins of the Assyrian structures) include ruins of a palace and a citadel, the “Parthian Acropolis”with temples, the so-called peripteros of Assur, and others.

REFERENCES

Andrae, W. Das wiedererstandene Assur. Leipzig, 1938.
Parrot, A. Assur. Paris [1961].

Assur

, Asur, Asshur, Ashur
1. the supreme national god of the ancient Assyrians, chiefly a war god, whose symbol was an archer within a winged disc
2. one of the chief cities of ancient Assyria, on the River Tigris about 100 km (60 miles) downstream from the present-day city of Mosul
References in periodicals archive ?
Para analizar el imagotipo del espanol que representa Radwa Ashur en su novela resulta conveniente primero enunciar cuales son los elementos diferenciadores y los nexos entre los tres tipos de representaciones que afloran cuando se alude al Otro, es decir, imagen, estereotipo y prejuicio.
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He phoned Mr Ashur again, swearing at him and said he was with his friends now, the boys in the car should come and sort things out," said Mr Griffiths.
Lending to small, family-run firms like restaurants and shops has proven to be particularly good business for Ashur, which has boosted loans to the segment six-fold this year.
Ashur was not among the eight sentenced on Thursday.
Abdul Aziz Ashur, brother-in-law of Khalil Ibrahim, the leader of the Justice and Equality Movement (Jem), appeared in North Khartoum court on Thursday with seven other suspects .
and so I do not say any more about it to Ashur, whose ambition is to open a restaurant someday.
Paul Calgey and James Taylor from Woolton, Liam O'Brien from Hale, and Hamzah Ashur from Wavertree, all 16, were among those who scooped the highest marks, together with Peter Fielding from Walton, who got a total 12 A*s.
Yonatan is an 11-year-old boy who wants to help his family and his people when the wicked King of Ashur threatens to surround the sacred city of Yerusalayim.