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see AssurbanipalAssurbanipal
or Ashurbanipal
, d. 626? B.C., king of ancient Assyria (669–633 B.C.), son and successor of Esar-Haddon. The last of the great kings of Assyria, he drove Taharka out of Egypt and firmly established Necho in power there only to have Necho's son
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Ashurbanipal's grandfather had been murdered by his son; now the king's older brother, who had been placated with the vassal state of Babylonia, was plotting against him.
Described as the most powerful person on earth during his reign in the 7th-century BC, Ashurbanipal ruled with an iron fist from his seat in Nineveh, now northern Iraq.
Ashurbanipal who, with some justification, claimed to be "king of the
Ashurbanipal, the king of Assyria, triumphantly claimed that in order to purge the land and cleanse the kingdom of creatures, he carried away the bones of the Elamite people toward the land of Ashur, disinterred their tombs and exposed them to the bleaching rays of the Sun and even sowed the land with salt and quicklime so that for centuries both the animate and the inanimate would be left unharmed and untainted.
In the text, the ruler vows to recognize the authority of Esarhaddon's successor, his son Ashurbanipal," said Timothy Harrison.
Senacherib brought trees from the Hittite country (Turkey), Tiglath Pileser mentioned conquered trees, and Ashurbanipal showed a special interest in botanical specimens of fruit trees and scented shrubs.
(2,3) Mesopotamia had a vague concept of anatomy, but the Ashurbanipal clay tablets mention many eye diseases, and considered the eyes and ears as the seats of attention in the human body.
Occasionally the marginal morsels appear in the text when an endnote would have been more appropriate, as with Ashurbanipal's 'warning to potential users of his library' (p.
These were discovered in the 1840s by archaeologists Layard and Rassam as part of the library of King Ashurbanipal, a 7th-century BC Assyrian ruler.
To use some examples, from Ashurbanipal's renowned ten-day feast for 70,000 guests in the 7th century BCE, to the spectacles put on by Louis XIV in the 17th century CE, the court banquet, with its lavish displays of the most important items of consumption, symbolized political might to both subjects and to visiting dignitaries.
American art historians and archaeologists explore such aspects of ancient Middle Eastern art as the treatment of enemies in Ashurbanipal's reliefs, ceremony and kingship at Cachemish, high priestesses in images from the Akkad to the Isin-Larsa Period, and barley as a key symbol in early Mesopotamia.