Ashvaghosha

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ashvaghosha

 

Years of birth and death unknown. Indian poet who lived about the second century. He wrote in Sanskrit. Born in Ayodhya (modern Oudh) into a Brahman family. His narrative poem Buddhacarita, on the life of Buddha, contains 28 songs in the Chinese and Tibetan translations (only 13 ½ songs have been preserved in the original Sanskrit version). The theses of Buddhist philosophy are set forth in the narrative poem Saundarananda. The drama Shariputrakarana, only fragments of which have been discovered, adheres strictly to the canons of dramaturgy as expounded in the Bharatiyanatyashastra. The Sutralankara, which has been attributed to Ashvaghosha, has survived in a Chinese translation; this is a collection of didactic legends in both prose and poetry.

WORKS

Zhizn’ Buddy. Translated by K. Bal’mont. Moscow, 1913.

REFERENCE

Dasgupta, S. N., and S. K. De. A History of Sanskrit Literature, vol. 1. Calcutta, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The playwright Ashvaghosha wrote the Buddhacharita (The Life of Buddha) and Saundarananda (Handsome Nanda) in which many types of seduction are elaborated.
Indian philosopher Ashvaghosha, the potential disciple is instructed: "Before entering a formal Guru-disciple relationship, you have complete freedom of choice.
The disciple is instructed to do as s/he is told by the guru; indeed, Ashvaghosha states that devotion to one's guru takes precedence over all other relationships in the disciple's life.
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a foolish doctrine which pleases laziness, one ought to do at first, as well as one can, an extensive learning of the doctrine." (2) Ashvaghosha's Garland of the Life Tales (jataka-mala) says:
(8) Nietzsche is said to pronounce the "highest duty", namely that of "self-realization", in terms of "Physician, heal thyself, then wilt thou also heal thy patient." Thus, the Spirit who emerges cleansed from the interior cremation ground, purified in heart and soul, dancing towards a "divine power of free will", now encounters striking correspondences in the teachings of Chuang Tzu, Jesus, Socrates, and Ashvaghosha. As he realizes - through asceticism - the concept of jivan mukta, "liberation during (human) life-time" he, the Bodhisattva, Nietzsche, Manu, and Brahman meet in the sublime example set by Shiva.