Asia Minor

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Asia Minor,

great peninsula, c.250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km), extreme W Asia, generally coterminous with Asian Turkey, also called Anatolia. It is washed by the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the south, and the Aegean Sea in the west. The Black and Aegean seas are linked by the Sea of Marmara and the two straits of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. Near the southern coast of Asia Minor are the Taurus Mts.; the rest of the peninsula is occupied by the Anatolian plateau, which is crossed by numerous mountains interspersed with lakes. In ancient times most Eastern and Western civilizations intersected in Asia Minor, for it was connected with Mesopotamia by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and with Greece by the Aegean and Mediterranean seas. The Hittites established the first major civilization in Asia Minor about 1800 B.C. Beginning in the 8th cent. B.C. Greek colonies were established on the coast lands, and the Greeks thus came into contact with Lydia, Phrygia, and Troy. The conquest (6th cent. B.C.) of Asia Minor by the Persians led to the Persian Wars. Alexander the Great incorporated the region into his empire, and after his death it was divided into small states ruled by various Diadochi (rulers). It was reunified (2d cent. B.C.) by the Romans. After A.D. 395 the country was re-Hellenized and became part of the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine EmpireByzantine Empire,
successor state to the Roman Empire (see under Rome), also called Eastern Empire and East Roman Empire. It was named after Byzantium, which Emperor Constantine I rebuilt (A.D. 330) as Constantinople and made the capital of the entire Roman Empire.
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. It was prosperous until the early part of the 6th cent. when it was successively invaded by the Persians (616–26), Arabs (668), Seljuk Turks (1061), and Mongols (1243). The Mongols obliterated almost all traces of Hellenic civilization. Asia Minor was then gradually (13th–15th cent.) conquered by the Ottoman Turks. It remained part of the Ottoman Empire until the establishment of the Republic of Turkey after World War I.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Asia Minor


a peninsula in western Asia, comprising the middle part of Turkey. Length, more than 1,000 km (west to east); width, 400-600 km. It is washed by the Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara, and Black seas and the straits of the Bosporus and Dardanelles. The relief is predominantly made up of plateaus and mountains, which form most of the Anatolian Plateau; there are narrow belts of lowlands along the seacoasts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) representing one of Pyrrhos's war elephants (and an elephant calf) is juxtaposed with a terracotta from Asia Minor showing a war elephant overcoming a Celt with sword and shield.
For example, Herodotus, "the Homer of history," was born in Asia Minor to a Carian-Greek family, his work representing the synthesis of Greek and Middle Eastern cultures.
In ancient history, Ephesus was considered a strategic port city and capital of Roman Asia Minor. A vibrant city of over 250,000 inhabitants, it was considered a metropolis in that day and age.
Issues of interpretation are by no means lacking when working with material evidence, as when considering possible Montanist associations of inscriptions throughout Asia Minor. By listing the locations of geographic sees, even texts such as conciliar documents give clues to more than doctrinal disputes.
The Sykes?Picot Agreement or the Asia Minor Agreement between United Kingdom and France by the consent of Russia in 1916 until 2015 to take control over Middles East has never been successful!
In the pages of "Authentic Christianity: A Radical Look at Christianity Today Based on Christ's Letters to Seven Churches in Asia Minor Toward the Close of the First Century", Gordon Haresign takes the reader on a tour from the small island of Patmos in the Aegean Sea to the sites of seven ancient cities in what was known as Asia Minor.
Which ancient Anatolian people built an empire in northern Syria and Asia Minor in the second millennium BC?
The results were inconclusive--they point to several possible quarry sources in Asia Minor for each piece, and in certain cases also to quarry sources in Greece (pp.
Inspired by restaurateurs Dean and Geremy Lucas' renowned Spice Market in Melbourne, Asia Asia restaurant & lounge takes its inspiration from the ancient Spice Route, and has been urnished to reflect this journey from Asia Minor through to the Far East.
For example, the area from Asia Minor to Egypt (eastern end of the Mediterranean) is believed to be where asparagus, beets, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, endive, kale, lettuce, parsley, parsnips and rhubarb originated.

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