Akayev, Askar

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Akayev, Askar

(äs`kär äkä`yĕv), 1944–, Kyrgyzstani political leader. A physicist, he was educated (grad. 1967), and then taught, in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). Returning to Kirghiz SSR in 1977, he was a physics professor at Frunze Polytechnic Institute. In 1981 he earned a doctorate from the Moscow Institute of Engineering and Physics, and he rose to become president of the Kirghiz Academy of Sciences in 1989. In 1990 he was elected president of the Kirghiz SSR as a compromise candidate; a year later he became president of the newly independent Kyrgyzstan. Initally known as an advocate of free-market reforms, Akayev became increasingly authoritarian in the mid-1990s, and was returned to office in elections that were increasingly suspect. The lopsided 2005 parliamentary elections sparked widespread demonstrations against him, and Akayev was ousted in the ensuing "Tulip Revolution." He went into exile in Russia, where he became a physics professor in Moscow.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ousted President Askar Akayev and his family were pelted with eggs in Berlin on December 9 during his meeting with some Kyrgyzstanis in Germany.
5% of the total number) within criminal probes launched against Adil Toigonbayev, son-in-law of former Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akayev.
A younger daughter married the son of Kyrgyzstan's former President Askar Akayev in a lavish wedding ceremony in July 1998.
When neither the president of the council of ministers or the first secretary of the party could gain a majority, a compromise candidate, Askar Akayev, a physicist and mathematician, was elected.
The first years of independence also started with non-authoritarian hopes for a pluralistic democracy under President Askar Akayev, which was later transformed into soft authoritarian rule.
The Tulip Revolution brought about the overthrow of President Askar Akayev in Kyrgyzstan.
A similar depiction will be viable for Askar Akayev, Kyrgyz leader during the Tulip Revolution.
The April 2010 uprising was the second for independent Kyrgyzstan after the 2005 Tulip Revolution that ousted post-Soviet leader Askar Akayev and installed Bakiyev in his place.
The April 2010 uprising was the second revolution of Kyrgyzstan s independence after the 2005 Tulip Revolution that ousted post-Soviet leader Askar Akayev and installed Bakiyev in his place.
In Kyrgyzstan in 2005, the "Tulip Revolution" forced the ouster of Askar Akayev.
In an upset victory, Askar Akayev, the president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, was elected to the presidency in October 1990.
However, considering the fact that there is no parliament in Kyrgyzstan at the moment, it is quite possible that the issue about depriving Askar Akayev of his immunity and ex-president status will be considered by the new deputies.