Akayev, Askar

(redirected from Askar Akayev)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Akayev, Askar

(äs`kär äkä`yĕv), 1944–, Kyrgyzstani political leader. A physicist, he was educated (grad. 1967), and then taught, in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). Returning to Kirghiz SSR in 1977, he was a physics professor at Frunze Polytechnic Institute. In 1981 he earned a doctorate from the Moscow Institute of Engineering and Physics, and he rose to become president of the Kirghiz Academy of Sciences in 1989. In 1990 he was elected president of the Kirghiz SSR as a compromise candidate; a year later he became president of the newly independent Kyrgyzstan. Initally known as an advocate of free-market reforms, Akayev became increasingly authoritarian in the mid-1990s, and was returned to office in elections that were increasingly suspect. The lopsided 2005 parliamentary elections sparked widespread demonstrations against him, and Akayev was ousted in the ensuing "Tulip Revolution." He went into exile in Russia, where he became a physics professor in Moscow.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
26 in Moscow at a session of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR immediately after the speech of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, the floor was given to President of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev.
Askar Akayev (1990-2005) and Kurmanbek Bakiyev (2005-2010) lost their immunity after getting overthrown in two revolutions of Kyrgyzstan.
Press conference was provoked by the arrest imposed by the General Prosecutor's Office on the remaining 19,400 common shares and two preference shares (48.5% of the total number) within criminal probes launched against Adil Toigonbayev, son-in-law of former Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akayev.
A younger daughter married the son of Kyrgyzstan's former President Askar Akayev in a lavish wedding ceremony in July 1998.
When neither the president of the council of ministers or the first secretary of the party could gain a majority, a compromise candidate, Askar Akayev, a physicist and mathematician, was elected.
The first years of independence also started with non-authoritarian hopes for a pluralistic democracy under President Askar Akayev, which was later transformed into soft authoritarian rule.
The Tulip Revolution brought about the overthrow of President Askar Akayev in Kyrgyzstan.
A similar depiction will be viable for Askar Akayev, Kyrgyz leader during the Tulip Revolution.
The April 2010 uprising was the second for independent Kyrgyzstan after the 2005 Tulip Revolution that ousted post-Soviet leader Askar Akayev and installed Bakiyev in his place.
The April 2010 uprising was the second revolution of Kyrgyzstan s independence after the 2005 Tulip Revolution that ousted post-Soviet leader Askar Akayev and installed Bakiyev in his place.
In Kyrgyzstan in 2005, the "Tulip Revolution" forced the ouster of Askar Akayev. Hastily held elections lifted Kurmanbek Bakiyev to the presidency.
In an upset victory, Askar Akayev, the president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, was elected to the presidency in October 1990.