Asmara


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Asmara

(äsmä`rä, äz–), city (1996 est. pop. 400,000), capital of Eritrea, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). The name also appears as Asmera. A commercial and industrial center, it is connected by rail and highway with the Red Sea port of MassawaMassawa
, city (1984 pop. 15,441), Eritrea, a port on the Red Sea. Before Eritrean independence (1993) it was the main port for N Ethiopia and is linked by rail with Asmara.
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. Textiles and clothing, processed meat, beer, shoes, and ceramics are the major industrial products. Asmara was a small village until the 1880s, when it became an Ethiopian regional administrative center. Occupied by the Italians in 1889, it became (1900) the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea. In the 1930s, Asmara was rapidly developed as a base for the Italian invasion (1935–36) of Ethiopia; many Art Deco and other modern buildings survive from this period. In 1941 the city was taken by British forces. In 1950 the Eritreans, seeking independence from Ethiopia, reached an agreement with the government. But as Eritrean self-governance was withdrawn, the Eritrean Liberation Front was founded and an armed revolt ensued. Asmara's airport became key in the conflict as it was used by the Eritreans to obtain arms and supplies from outside supporters. It became a part of Eritrea with that country's independence (1993).

Asmara

the capital of Eritrea; cathedral (1922); Grand Mosque (1937); university (1958). Pop.: 615 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In tyro writer-helmer Sekar Ayu Asmara's "The Stringless Violin," lowbrow filmmaking meets high-proof romance for the sort of ultra-sentimental story characteristic of Indonesian cinema.
Relations between Sudan and Eritrea are less hostile and the NDA in exile in Asmara is in a more precarious position.
That evening I found myself strolling up and down the city's main avenue and discovered the Asmara passeggiata.
The company is also negotiating further construction contracts in Asmara, Mendefera and elsewhere.
Was it because the opposition planners in Asmara were expecting a popular uprising in Khartoum, which did not materialise?
The projects have been ambitious and strategically significant, including book collections and support for Eritrea's only institution of higher education, Asmara University.
The growing friction between Asmara and Khartoum was brought to the attention of the international community following a December 16,1993, battle between Eritrean government forces and the EIJM.
Symbolic of Ethiopian rule is the massive, and unfinished, stadium dominating one end of the main boulevard of Asmara. Constructed by former Ethiopian President Mengistu for political rallies, in recent years it has been used as a store for food aid.
The tournament will kick off in Asmara on August 17 and run until September 1.
Asmara, the capital of Eritrea in East Africa, is his birthplace.
Asmara further said these activities are waged from the Sudanese territory and referred to hate speech made by the radical group at a meeting that allegedly took place in Khartoum.
Asmara walked out of the East African bloc IGAD in 2007 in protest as Ethiopian forces entered Somalia to fight militants.