The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Isperikh, Ispor). Died circa 701. Proto-Bulgarian khan (circa 643-circa 701) and first khan of the Slavic-Bulgarian realm (680-circa 701).

In the middle of the seventh century Asparukh led some of the Proto-Bulgarian tribes from the Azov region first to southern Bessarabia and then to the Byzantine-controlled lands along the right bank of the Danube. After spreading through Dobruja and the adjacent regions, Asparukh’s Proto-Bulgarians subjugated an alliance of seven Slavic tribes as well as certain other tribes and created a united kingdom which was recognized by Byzantium in 681.


Zlatarski, V. N. Istoriia na Bulgarskata d’rzhava prez srednite vekove, vol. 1. Sofia, 1918.
Nikitin, S. A. “Obrazovanie bolgarskogo naroda i vozniknovenie bolgarskogo gosudarstva.” Vestnik MGU, 1952, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Khan Asparukh, the block for which Total signed an exploration contract, has a total areas of 14.220 square km and is located some 80 km offshore in the Black Sea in water depths of between 100 and 2000 meters.
Rather the God Tangra himself told Khan Asparukh in a dream where to found the Bulgarian Kingdom.
The PM, however, had earlier supported the action of volunteer squads, saying any help to border police was welcome.Nikolov's cartoon showed the founder of Bulgaria, Khan Asparukh, in 681, waving a flag with a horsetail (the symbol of Bulgarians at the time they arrived in Southeast Europe), and later one with a "pig's tail" held by Prime Minister Borisov and two migrant hunters.