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BirthplaceZaļenieku parish, Russian Empire (Now Latvia)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(pseudonym of El’za Rozenberg). Born Mar. 4 (16), 1868, in the village of Dauknas, Zaleniek Volost (small rural district); died Nov. 5, 1943, in Dubulti. Latvian poet and playwright.

In her verse collection Red Flowers (1897), Aspazija expressed democratic ideas. After the defeat of the so-called New Movement, her works became marked by pessimism (Twilight of the Soul, 1901). During the period of the 1905 Revolution, the themes of social struggle appear again in her works (the play Silver Cover, 1905). At the end of 1905, Aspazija, together with her husband, J. Rainis, emigrated to Switzerland; they returned to Latvia in 1920. In emigration, Aspazija moved away from social themes, as seen in such collections as A Sunny Corner (1910) and An Armful of Flowers (1911).


Mana dzive un darbi, vols. 1–6. Riga, 1931–40.
Lirika. Riga, 1957.
Dzeja. [Izlaze,] vols. 1–2. Riga, 1966.
Sidraba škidrauts. Drama 5 cel. Riga, 1966.
Lugas, vols. 1–2. Riga, 1968.


Latviešu literatūras darbnieki. Riga, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Strauss in Latvia's cultural space of the first half of the twentieth century by analysing the novel "The Autumn Nightingale" [Rudens lakstigala] (1933) written by Latvian writer Aspazija.
Most surprising is the candidates' list for the first electoral unit on which DOM chairperson Liljana Popovska is ranked second, ahead of Culture Minister Elizabeta Kanceska-Milevska, and which also includes Aspazija Sofijanova, Director of the Children's Clinic, ranked 4th, Dr.
Aspazija Stanojevic, Auditing Board, Vice-President
Partial contents: "Women, the Devil, and a Cat's Head: The Trial of Anna and Tobbe Mall in Reval, 1594," by Juri Kivimae; "Two Mothers of Latvian Literature: Aspazija and Anna Brigadere," by Sandra Meskova; "The National Woman: Constructing Gender Roles in Estonia," by Edgar Kaskla; "'Other Things Happened to Women': World War Two, Violence, and National Identity in A Sound of the Past by Kabi Laretei and A Woman in Amber by Agate Nesaule," by Leena Kurvet-Kaosaar; "Female Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprise Ownership in Lithuania: A Comparison," by Ruta Aidis; "Dilemmas in Private/Public Discourse: Contexts for Gender-Based Violence Against Women in Lithuania," by Jolanta Reingardiene.
Such famous women writers as Anna Brigadere, Aspazija, or Zenta Maurin[cedilla]a are not included among the elect, whereas others who are less well known (or some whose place is still uncertain) are prominently featured.
In 1991 when Riga was barricaded against the Soviet army, Rubess was there to co-direct a play by Latvian feminist Aspazija in the tiny independent theater, Kabata.
In addition, Aspazija took courageous and very public positions on a number of feminist issues in her essays and articles and later in her speeches as a deputy to Saeima, the single-chamber parliament holding ultimate authority during most of Latvian independence.
The manifold Latvian literary heritage at this time was created by such wellknown authors as Rainis, Aspazija, Vilis Pludonis, Janis Poruks, Karlis Skalbe, Janis Akuraters, Edvards Virza, Andrejs Upitis, Janis Sudrabkalns, Aleksandrs Caks a.o.
President Gjorge Ivanov said at a press conference Tuesday that he accepted the initiative launched by Doctor Aspazija Sofijanova that he should join the race for VMRO-DPMNE's presidential nomination, Nova Makedonija reports.
Gundega Repse is a recipient of the Rainis and Aspazija Foundation Prize.
Gundega Rapse, an art historian and a writer exhibiting avant-gardist tendencies, has been awarded the 1994 literary prize named after the venerated writers Rainis and Aspazija; thus her latest book, Solaiku bestiarijs: Identifikdcijas (A Present-Day Bestiary; Identifications), is a welcome addition to Latvian belles lettres.
According to Utrinski vesnik, the main initiator of the idea of collecting signatures in support of President Ivanov is the director of the Children's Clinic, Aspazija Sofijanova.