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Aseb or Assab (äˈsəb), town, Eritrea, on the Red Sea. Ethiopia's most important port before Eritrean independence (1993), it continued, through agreements with Eritrea, to handle much of Ethiopia's foreign trade until the border war with Ethiopia brought about the port's closure. The town has a petroleum refinery (1967). Once the terminus of caravans from the interior of Ethiopia, Aseb was acquired by a private Italian shipping company in 1869. In 1882 it was taken over by the Italian government, and in 1890 Aseb was included in the colony of Eritrea.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and port on the shore of the Red Sea in Ethiopia. Population, 25,000 (1967). It is connected to Addis Ababa by a highway and has an airport. There is trade in cattle, skins, coffee, grain, and oilseeds. Assab has an oil refinery that was built with the help of the Soviet Union. Salt is mined in Assab.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
UAE has reportedly leased Eritrea's port town of Assab for three decades at a cost of $ 500 million to scale up the coalition battle against Houthi militants in Yemen, allegations Asmera denied.
Before, we used Assab and we had a lot of problems - shortages of cranes, delays of shipments and theft."
However, Eritrea moved troops and arms to Assab in anticipation of a possible Ethiopian move on the port.
It has become a challenge just to get the coffee to port at Assab, a 700-mile trip from Addis Ababa requiring costly fuel, trucks that are operational etc.
Wasim Salim Jallad, 41, was leaving the Naqab prison in the south of Israel after completing his 15-year prison sentence when he was picked up by Israeli forces and re-detained, said Amjad Abu Assab, head of the Committee of Families of Prisoners from Jerusalem.
The international boundary commission later decided that Badme, a borderland that was a flashpoint of the conflict, belonged to Eritrea while it ruled that Eritrea should compensate Ethiopia for the huge amount of Ethiopian shipment confiscated in Assab Port.
The head of the Committee, Amjad Abu Assab, said newborn Ali is an ambassador of freedom.
16 November 2016 - Sweden-based door opening solutions provider Assa Abloy (STO: ASSAB) has acquired US- and Mexico-based direct sales door company Construction Specialties, the company said.
September 21, 2016 (ADDIS ABABA) -- An Eritrean opposition group, Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO) on Wednesday said that Yemen's Houthi group have attacked the international Airport of Assab, a port city in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea.
Massawa Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki admits for the first time that his country was approached by the United States to host military facilities in the port city of Assab, but he turned down the request.