Aseb or Assab (äˈsəb), town, Eritrea, on the Red Sea. Ethiopia's most important port before Eritrean independence (1993), it continued, through agreements with Eritrea, to handle much of Ethiopia's foreign trade until the border war with Ethiopia brought about the port's closure. The town has a petroleum refinery (1967). Once the terminus of caravans from the interior of Ethiopia, Aseb was acquired by a private Italian shipping company in 1869. In 1882 it was taken over by the Italian government, and in 1890 Aseb was included in the colony of Eritrea.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city and port on the shore of the Red Sea in Ethiopia. Population, 25,000 (1967). It is connected to Addis Ababa by a highway and has an airport. There is trade in cattle, skins, coffee, grain, and oilseeds. Assab has an oil refinery that was built with the help of the Soviet Union. Salt is mined in Assab.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.