Assiniboin


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Assiniboin

(əsĭn`əboin'), Native North Americans whose culture is that of the N Great Plains; their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). At the time of the first contact with European settlers they had no permanent village sites; they moved about as their search for food required. They were a branch of the Yanktonai Dakota, who moved north and westward prior to the 17th cent. to the region of Lake Winnipeg; later they went to the upper Saskatchewan and the upper Missouri rivers. After the acquisition of horses and firearms in the 18th cent. they became a typical Plains tribe. They were allied with the Cree against the Blackfoot. A large tribe at the time of contact, they were decimated by smallpox in the early 19th cent. There were 5,500 Assiniboin in the United States in 1990, most living on the Fort Belknap and Fort Peck reservations in Montana. Around 1,500 Assiniboin live on reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada.

Bibliography

See M. S. Kennedy, ed., The Assiniboines (new ed. 1961); D. Kennedy, Recollections of an Assiniboine Chief, ed. by J. R. Stevens (1972); E. T. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, while touting itself as a truly authentic film, A Man Called Horse (1970) instead "depicts a people whose language is Lakota, whose hairstyles range from Assiniboin through Nez Perc to Commanche, whose tipi design is Crow, and whose Sun Dance ceremony and the lodge in which it is held are both typically Mandan." (78) Likewise, one native actor criticized the Canadian film Black Robe (1990) saying, "Algonquins didn't shave their heads, but [the film-makers] loved the look." (79) Thus thanks to three centuries of appropriation and separation, Indianness in the twentieth century has become a jumble of appropriations, "a generalized, marketable thing--a grab-bag primitive" providing a medium for white self-expression.
Harrod, a professor of ethics and religious studies, presents an interesting glimpse of the relationships between humans and animals held by the Northern Plains Indians--Blackfeet, Crow, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Pawnee, Lakota (Sioux), Cree, Assiniboin, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara -- during the period of 1750-1850.
Fort Union was the center of the Upper Missouri fur trade: Assiniboin Indians brought in beaver pelts and left with rifles, liquor, and beads.
But his greatest triumphs may be his portraits - of the Mandan, the Assiniboin, the Piegan Blackfeet.
The most celebrated episode of violence in the Cypress Hills occurred in June 1873, when a group of drunken American wolfers (men who hunted wolves for their fine pelts) murdered at least twenty Assiniboin in cold blood.
Second, he examines the historical record on neighbouring nations like the Assiniboin, Blackfoot, Gros Ventre, and Chipewyan to evaluate the nature of their relations with the Cree.
One of the first images of an Indian and a top hat was the George Catlin painting of the Assiniboin man, Wi-ju-jon, or The Pigeon's Egg Head (also known as The Light) in 1832, going to Washington, D.C.
All through Montana they had met not a single Indian: historians are uncertain why not, except that the Assiniboin and Atsinas may have been wary of the white strangers.
These villagers were visited regularly by, and traded with, all of the Plains groups including the Nakota (Assiniboin), Plains Cree and Ojibwa who occupied southern Manitoba.
His depictions of Iowa, Omaha, Mandan, Hidatsa, Ojibwa, Assiniboin, and Cree have long been recognized as a first-rate source.(29) He was first brought to the attention of American scholars by way of an article in the 1927 Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution(30) written by David I.