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(əsĭn`əboin'), Native North Americans whose culture is that of the N Great Plains; their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). At the time of the first contact with European settlers they had no permanent village sites; they moved about as their search for food required. They were a branch of the Yanktonai Dakota, who moved north and westward prior to the 17th cent. to the region of Lake Winnipeg; later they went to the upper Saskatchewan and the upper Missouri rivers. After the acquisition of horses and firearms in the 18th cent. they became a typical Plains tribe. They were allied with the Cree against the Blackfoot. A large tribe at the time of contact, they were decimated by smallpox in the early 19th cent. There were 5,500 Assiniboin in the United States in 1990, most living on the Fort Belknap and Fort Peck reservations in Montana. Around 1,500 Assiniboin live on reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada.


See M. S. Kennedy, ed., The Assiniboines (new ed. 1961); D. Kennedy, Recollections of an Assiniboine Chief, ed. by J. R. Stevens (1972); E. T. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
Throughout, we see Blackfoot, Cree, Assiniboin, and Metis in conflict with the newcomers and with each other, but they dominate rather than play bit parts in the rugged and still-wild terrain of Trafford's novel.
The confluence was an ideal location for a trading post, attracting many American Indian tribes from the surrounding areas, including the Assiniboin, Crow, Mandan, Hidatsa, Chippewa, and Sioux.
For centuries before that, it was an important travel route for the Cree, Assiniboin, Dakota and Anishinaabe (Ojibwe or Chippewa) peoples.
Harrod, a professor of ethics and religious studies, presents an interesting glimpse of the relationships between humans and animals held by the Northern Plains Indians--Blackfeet, Crow, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Pawnee, Lakota (Sioux), Cree, Assiniboin, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara -- during the period of 1750-1850.
Fort Union was the center of the Upper Missouri fur trade: Assiniboin Indians brought in beaver pelts and left with rifles, liquor, and beads.
One of the first images of an Indian and a top hat was the George Catlin painting of the Assiniboin man, Wi-ju-jon, or The Pigeon's Egg Head (also known as The Light) in 1832, going to Washington, D.
All through Montana they had met not a single Indian: historians are uncertain why not, except that the Assiniboin and Atsinas may have been wary of the white strangers.