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(ästä`nä), formerly




(both: äkmô`lə), city (2008 est. pop. 600,000), capital of Kazakhstan and Aqmola prov., in central Kazakhstan on the Ishim (Esil) River. Agricultural machinery and consumer goods are manufactured; there are also leather-tanning, food-processing, clothing and footwear, and building-materials industries. Astana is also an important rail junction. Several universities are there. The city was founded as a fortress in 1824. It was called Akmolinsk and was the capital of the former Akmolinsk region until 1961, when it was renamed Tselinograd. As capital of the Virgin Lands TerritoryVirgin Lands Territory,
Rus. Tselinny Kray, former administrative division, c.231,000 sq mi (598,300 sq km), Central Asian USSR, in Kazakhstan. Created in 1960 by the merger of Kokchetav (Kökshetau), Kustanay (Qostanay), North Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, and Akmolinsk
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 (Tselinny Kray) agricultural project, the city experienced a tremendous growth in population. After KazakhstanKazakhstan
or Kazakstan
, officially Republic of Kazakhstan, republic (2005 est. pop. 15,186,000), c.1,050,000 sq mi (2,719,500 sq km), central Asia. It borders on Siberian Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south,
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 gained its independence, the city and the region were renamed (1991) Aqmola. In 1994, Aqmola was designated as the future capital of Kazakhstan, and after the capital was moved there in 1997 the city was again renamed (1998). The transfer to Astana has sparked a construction boom, most dramatically on the left bank of the Ishim where the new government offices are located. Among the city's new buildings are the pyramidal Palace of Peace (2006) and the central concert hall (2009).


the capital of Kazakhstan, in the N of the country; replaced Almaty as capital in 1997; an important railway junction. Pop.: 335 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
5 billion tenge to JSC Astana International Airport to finance part of the airports modernisation programme aimed at doubling capacity and improving safety standards as per International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) requirements.
Although Galatasaray and Astana have never faced each other, Turkey has faced Kazakhstan -- many of whose players come from Astana -- and the result often contains a goal or two by Galatasaray's Burak Yylmaz, who is sidelined by injury on Wednesday.
Total investment in the project by the UAE went upto $13m, the Astana administration reported.
Astana is a major economic hub in Central Asia and the launch of flydubai's flights to the Kazakhstani capital marks an important milestone in our expansion in the region.
My country is interested in the broadening of ties with Iran, especially in economic and trade areas," said in Astana.
Another remarkably successful year has passed for Air Astana, with continued profitable growth and new service innovations adding to the established reputation for consistently safe, reliable, convenient and high quality air service," said Peter Foster, president of Air Astana.
Foreign airlines servicing Kazakhstan will no longer be forced to switch all of their flights from the former capital city Almaty to the new capital of Astana.
Farallon and Astana lie within a large 10 kilometre by 4.
The Air Astana President Peter Foster commented, We are pleased to have yet again successfully completed IATA s Operational Safety Audit.
Emir of Qatar has also confirmed interest in participating in the specialized international exhibition EXPO-2017 in Astana.
Astana Economic Forum is the first dialogue platform in Eurasia to seek the answers to the most current debates.
The Kazakh ambassador, for his part, said that his country willing to expand trade ties with Iran, and said, "Kazakhstan prioritizes expansion of trade and industrial ties with Iran to the extend that we have provided exceptional conditions for activities of some Iranian companies in Astana.