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(ästä`nä), formerly




(both: äkmô`lə), city (2008 est. pop. 600,000), capital of Kazakhstan and Aqmola prov., in central Kazakhstan on the Ishim (Esil) River. Agricultural machinery and consumer goods are manufactured; there are also leather-tanning, food-processing, clothing and footwear, and building-materials industries. Astana is also an important rail junction. Several universities are there. The city was founded as a fortress in 1824. It was called Akmolinsk and was the capital of the former Akmolinsk region until 1961, when it was renamed Tselinograd. As capital of the Virgin Lands TerritoryVirgin Lands Territory,
Rus. Tselinny Kray, former administrative division, c.231,000 sq mi (598,300 sq km), Central Asian USSR, in Kazakhstan. Created in 1960 by the merger of Kokchetav (Kökshetau), Kustanay (Qostanay), North Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, and Akmolinsk
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 (Tselinny Kray) agricultural project, the city experienced a tremendous growth in population. After KazakhstanKazakhstan
or Kazakstan
, officially Republic of Kazakhstan, republic (2005 est. pop. 15,186,000), c.1,050,000 sq mi (2,719,500 sq km), central Asia. It borders on Siberian Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south,
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 gained its independence, the city and the region were renamed (1991) Aqmola. In 1994, Aqmola was designated as the future capital of Kazakhstan, and after the capital was moved there in 1997 the city was again renamed (1998). The transfer to Astana has sparked a construction boom, most dramatically on the left bank of the Ishim where the new government offices are located. Among the city's new buildings are the pyramidal Palace of Peace (2006) and the central concert hall (2009).


the capital of Kazakhstan, in the N of the country; replaced Almaty as capital in 1997; an important railway junction. Pop.: 335 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy was reconsidered and then endorsed at 12th Ministerial Conference on Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation in October 2013 in Astana, Kazakhstan.
OSCE's "High-level Conference on Tolerance and Non-discrimination" began in Astana, Kazakhstan on Tuesday.
During this week, the sixth round of the negotiations on the new enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and Kazakhstan will be held in Astana, Kazakhstan.
In the past few years, Dale Carnegie Training has created new partnerships in the Czech Republic, Russia, Belgium, Kenya and Nigeria among others, and is now extending its presence to Central Asia by opening its first offices in Almaty and Astana, Kazakhstan.
ASTANA, May 26, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish President Abdullah Gul laid a wreath at Ataturk Monument, and inaugurated Turkey's Embassy in Astana, Kazakhstan.
As previously announced, in October 2004, Winncom entered into a "Frame" Agreement (Agreement of Understanding) with Joint Stock Company Kazakhtelecom ("Kazakhtelecom"), the national telecommunications operator for the Republic of Kazakhstan, that gives Winncom the right, subject to Winncom's obtaining 100% financing for the project upon terms and conditions acceptable to Kazakhtelecom, and subject to a number of other matters, to undertake, on a turnkey basis, development of a modern telecommunications infrastructure to be located on the left bank of the City of Astana, Kazakhstan.
Burns will travel to Tashkent, Uzbekistan May 6-7 and Astana, Kazakhstan May 8.
In Astana, Kazakhstan, the Under Secretary will deliver remarks at Eurasian University on U.
Turkey's Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency (BDDK) and Kazakhstan's Agency on Regulation and Supervision of Financial Market and Financial organizations (AFN) signed a cooperation agreement in Astana, Kazakhstan.
fah in Astana, Kazakhstan s capital city, Kazakhstan plans to boost the trade turnover with Bahrain.
The Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Omurbek Babanov pays official visit to Astana, Kazakhstan.
Turkey's Sembol Insaat (construction company) built the "Astana Arena Stadium" in Astana, Kazakhstan which cost 185 million USD.