astrocyte

(redirected from Astroglial cell)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.
Related to Astroglial cell: protoplasmic astrocyte

astrocyte

[′as·trə‚sīt]
(neuroscience)
A star-shaped cell; specifically, a neuroglial cell.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Presl roots was also assessed in cellular system using primary rat which exposed the astroglial cell cultures to 500 [micro]M glutamate for 24 h.
Kouzu et al., "Involvement of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressed in astroglial cells in circadian rhythm under constant lighting conditions in mice," Journal of Neuroscience Research, vol.
Rojewska et al., "Differential activation of spinal microglial and astroglial cells in a mouse model of peripheral neuropathic pain," European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) first categorized in astroglial cells is a member of intermediate filaments which maintains cell's mechanical strength and structure.7 Hepatic expression of GFAP has been reported at diverse stages of human chronic hepatitis.
Modulation of oxygen-radical-scavenging enzymes by oxidative stress in primary cultures of rat astroglial cells. Dev.
(16,17) These are neuroprotective genes primarily expressed by schwann cells and astroglial cells in the peripheral nervous system, central nervous system and in skeletal muscle.
Hamprecht, "Involvement of glutathione peroxidase and catalase in the disposal of exogenous hydrogen peroxide by cultured astroglial cells," Brain Research, vol.
Although several earlier studies examined bcl-2 expression following chronic lithium exposure, those works were performed on transformed glial cell models, including human SVG p12 astroglial cells, rat C6 glioma cells, (26) and U87 human glioma cells, with and without ER stress induction, (27) no changes were found with lithium at therapeutically relevant concentrations (0.75-2 mM).
Citation: "Astroglial cells regulate the developmental timeline of human neurons differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells"; Xin Tang et a].; Stem Cell Research, 2013; DOI: 10.1016/j.scr.2013.05.002
PML, caused by the John Cunningham (JC) virus, results from lytic infection of predominantly astroglial cells.
Moreover, a statistically significant decrease (P < 0.05) in the density of astroglial cells (Figure 2(c)) was shown in LA treated animals compared with nontreated animals.
Giovanni Marsicano of INSERM in France said that with these experiments in mice, "we have found that the starting point for this phenomenon - the effect of marijuana on working memory - is the astroglial cells".