Aswan High Dam


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Aswan High Dam

a dam on the Nile forming a reservoir (Lake Nasser) extending 480 km (300 miles) from the First to the Third Cataracts: opened in 1971, it was built 6 km (4 miles) upstream from the old Aswan Dam (built in 1902 and twice raised). Height of dam: 109 m (365 ft.)
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But perhaps the most long-lasting effect of the Aswan High Dam is its ecological degradation and thereby its cultural destruction.
1) Constructed between 1960 and 1970, the Aswan High Dam permitted the Egyptian government to manage and control the waters of the Nile by controlling floods, providing water for irrigation systems, and generating hydroelectricity, all considered critical to Egypt's industrialization.
Given past evidence, the Aswan High Dam was built for political and ideational reasons that have little to do with either water security or benefit maximization.
Rather, "Nubianness" is increasingly defined more in terms of shared cultural memory and political aspirations in which the inundation of their homeland by the Aswan High Dam is treated as a foundational moment upon which a new Nubian political and artistic culture can be based.
Caption: ABOVE: Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser observing the Nile River excursion zone at the construction site of the Aswan High Dam in 1963.
It would seem that a series of decisions by Nasser--the purchase of arms from Communist Czechoslavakia, and the recognition in May 1956 of the People's Republic of China--caused the US, fearing Egypt was moving into the Soviet sphere of influence, to withdraw funding for the Aswan High Dam on what Lipsey says was a "rather flimsy pretext"--and other sources of funding also promptly cancelled financial backing.
Egypt received Soviet military assistance, including during the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, and the USSR financed key facilities such as the Aswan High Dam -- a project to irrigate arable land and supply electricity.
There is Abu Simbel, the site of two rock-cut temples of Pharaoh Rameses II, dismantled, moved and reassembled on higher ground in the 1960s to avoid the rising waters of Lake Nasser, resulting from the construction of the Aswan High Dam.
Fly from Gatwick to Luxor on December 31 and set sail for all the famous sites right up to the Aswan high dam.
They were moved in 1968 to a site nearby, when Lake Nasser was created by Aswan High Dam.
ASWAN DAM - EGYPT: The Aswan Dam is actually a pair of dams - the Aswan High Dam and the Aswan Low Dam.
The signing ends a dispute over a 100,000-feddan (104,000- acre) piece of land that is part of the Toshka agricultural development project, which is intended to use water diverted from the Aswan High Dam reservoir to irrigate land in Egypt's western desert.