Ataraxy


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Ataraxy

 

a concept of ancient Greek ethics, denoting calmness of the mind as the supreme value. Democritus understood ataraxy as the rule of reason over passions and the freedom of the soul from the fear of death and other misfortune. In the philosophy of Epicurus and his school, ataraxy is the highest ideal of life, the state of the wise man who has attained inner freedom. To skepticism ataraxy means restraint from judging the true and the false.

REFERENCE

Materialisty Drevnei Gretsii. Moscow, 1955. Pages 157, 181–82, 198, 224.
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It [happiness] is an outcome, but one where the memory of the aspiration confers upon the outcome the character of an accomplishment, which is worth more than ataraxy. Pure existing is ataraxy; happiness is accomplishment (TI:113).
In response to this emerging theism, Buddhist philosophy reacted by a remarkable shift in its standpoint, turning from what I have characterized as ethical ataraxy to the forceful rebuttal of theistic views.
Her published material lies not only in the area of ancient Greek and Roman utopianism but also in Greek vase painting ("Elpenor, Amymone, and the Truth in the Lykaon Painter's Painting." BABESCH 74 [1999] 63-78) and Roman didactic epic poetry (Atoms, Ataraxy, and Allusion.