Atahualpa

(redirected from Atawallpa)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Atahualpa

(ätäwäl`pä), d. 1533, favorite son of Huayna Capac, Inca of Peru. At his father's death (1525) he received the kingdom of Quito while his half-brother, the legitimate heir HuáscarHuáscar
, d. 1533, Inca of Peru; son of Huayna Capac. At his father's death (1525) he became emperor, but had to share the empire with his younger half-brother, Atahualpa.
..... Click the link for more information.
, inherited the rest of the Inca empire. Shortly before the arrival (1532) of Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Atahualpa invaded the domains of Huáscar, whom he defeated and imprisoned, and made himself Inca. On Nov. 16, 1532, Pizarro met Atahualpa at Cajamarca. Invited into the city, Atahualpa was seized and imprisoned. He offered a room full of gold as ransom and at the same time secretly ordered the death of Huáscar. He was tried for his brother's murder and for plotting against the Spanish and was executed. He is also known as Atabalipa.

Atahualpa

, Atabalipa
?1500--33, the last Inca emperor of Peru (1525--33), who was put to death by the Spanish under Pizarro
References in periodicals archive ?
When a small number of Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro attacked the Incan Empire ruled by Atawallpa, they took advantage of the civil strife that had begun after the death of Atawallpa's father.
Uno de los elementos interesantes de esas pinturas es que el referente para hacerlas fue, precisamente, el de su ejecucion en publico, puesto que el o los pintores anonimos representaron dos momentos centrales de la version dramatizada: el episodio del sueno y de la adivinacion por parte de los sacerdotes andinos (lamina 172) y el de la muerte del Inca por deguello (lamina 173), la que difiere de la version oficial, historica, sobre la forma en la cual murio Atawallpa. Mas aun, ambas laminas llevan por titulo explicitamente el de "Danza de la degollacion del inca" (Figura 6).