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Atchison,city (1990 pop. 10,656), seat of Atchison co., NE Kans., on the Missouri River; inc. 1881. It is a trade and industrial center in a rich grain producing area. Atchison was founded (1854) near a military post, established (1818–19) on Cow Island in the Missouri, and named for David Rice AtchisonAtchison, David Rice
, 1807–86, U.S. Senator, b. Frogtown, Ky. A lawyer and politician in Missouri, he served in the Senate from 1843 to 1855. As a proslavery Democrat, Atchison was instrumental in having the Kansas-Nebraska Act passed.
..... Click the link for more information. . The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe RR was chartered there in 1859 (see Santa Fe RRSanta Fe Railroad,
former U.S. railroad, chartered in 1863 as the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe RR; opened to traffic in 1864. Construction continued, and in 1880 it reached Santa Fe, N.Mex.; the following year the railroad connected with the Southern Pacific RR.
..... Click the link for more information. ), and the city boomed as a wagon-train, river, and railroad hub, an outfitting point for travel west. Benedictine College and the birthplace of Amelia EarhartEarhart, Amelia
, 1897–1937, American aviator, b. Atchison, Kans. She was the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane (1928) and the first woman to make a solo flight across the Atlantic (1932).
..... Click the link for more information. are there.
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