Ateliers Nationaux

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ateliers Nationaux

 

(national workshops), public organizations created to provide work for the unemployed in France during the 18th and 19th centuries. The first national workshops were set up 1786; more were organized in 1788 and between 1789 and 1791. They were revived after the February Revolution of 1848.

Quasimilitary in structure, the workshops offered employment in nonproductive capacities. The provisional government during 1848 hoped to alleviate unemployment through national workshops and to use those employed there against the revolutionary workers. When it became clear that these plans could not succeed, it was decided on June 22, 1848, to close some of the national workshops, which at that time employed more than 100, 000 people, and to either mobilize the workers into the army or transport them to the provinces as manual laborers. This decision gave impetus to the June uprising of 1848, which was brutally suppressed. On July 3, 1848, the national workshops were disbanded.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Les representants des travailleurs aux ateliers nationaux sont designes, de maniere consensuelle, au sein des centrales syndicales representatives, dans le respect du quota defini par l'institution organisatrice.
Mme Benghebrit a indique que les ateliers nationaux devant etre organises prochainement vont traiter des propositions et des changements a introduire a cet examen a compter de l'annee prochaine.
Les mesures de gestion des pauvres et des sans-emploi evoluent au cours du 18e siecle, alors que les autorites cherchent plutot a creer de l'emploi par l'intermediaire des ateliers de charite ou encore des ateliers nationaux en France.