The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(or Athabascans; self-designation, Dene), linguistically related group of Indian tribes, descendants of the penultimate wave of migrations from Asia to North America. After the spread of some of the Athapaskans to the south (in approximately the 12th century), two separate groups of Athapaskans were formed—that is, the farmers and herdsmen in the southwest of the present-day USA (Navaho, Lipan, Apache, Kiowa Apache, etc.) and the taiga-dwelling fishermen, hunters, and later, trappers in the basins of the Mackenzie and Yukon rivers, in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains (Chipewyan, Kutchin, Knaiakhotana, Nahane, Sekani, etc.). At the present time the former group lives on reservations in the states of Arizona and New Mexico in the USA (population 150,000 in 1963), engaging in the traditional forms of economy; the majority of the northern Athapaskans (population 85,000) are migratory trappers and hunters, who are gradually taking up residence in settlements in the Canadian north.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2.) Cruikshank (2005:3), for example, describes Tlingit and Athapaskans as regarding glaciers as 'animate' and even as making 'moral judgements' and 'punishing infractions'.
(16) Krech, III, "'Throwing Bad Medicine': Sorcery, Disease and the Fur Trade among the Kutchin and other Northern Athapaskans," in Indians, Animals and the Fur Trade: A Critique of Keepers of the Game, ed.
Carolyn Podruchny, "Werewolves and Windigos: Narratives of Cannibal Monsters in French-Canadian Voyageur Oral Tradition" (2004) 51:4 Ethnohistory 677; Robin Ridington, "Wechuge and Windigo: A Comparison of Cannibal Belief among Boreal Forest Athapaskans and Algonquians" in Robin Ridington, ed, Little Bit Know Something: Stories in a Language of Anthropology (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1990) 160; Nathan D Carlson, "Reviving Witiko (Windigo): An Ethnohistory of 'Cannibal Monsters' in the Athabasca District of Northern Alberta, 1878-1910" (2009) 56:3 Ethnohistory 355.
A further chapter deals with beadwork produced by Native peoples of the Canadian Subarctic, including the Northern Athapaskans, the Cree, and the Metis, the "flower beadwork people" of mixed Native and European heritage who in many respects epitomize the development of floral beadwork in the nineteenth century.
It is not known if these societies were displaced by the expansion of the Dena'ina Athapaskans into the Cook Inlet regions around 1000 A.D.
Cultural persistence: Continuity in meaning and moral responsibility among the Bearlake Athapaskans. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press.
For his study of the interaction between the early Spanish conquerors and the Athapaskan and Puebloan Indians of the Southwest, Carter (history, South Texas College, McAllen) begins with the first settlements of the Athapaskans shortly after the end of the last ice age.
The "Berdache"/"Two-Spirit": A Comparison of Anthropological and Native Constructions of Gendered Identities among Northern Athapaskans. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2.4: 683-699.
Some will read Rogue Diamonds: Northern Riches on Dene Land as innocence (the Dene people, Athapaskans, whose language we English know as "Chipewyan") in a fallen world that falls farther as wealth tempts all and breaks the hearts of the old chiefs.