Atjeh


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Atjeh

 

a sultanate in the northern part of the island of Sumatra (Indonesia). Existed from the early 16th century to the early 20th century. One of the centers of diffusion of Islam in Indonesia.

The golden age of Atjeh came in the first half of the 17th century, when its sovereignty was recognized by most of the principalities of Sumatra and the western principalities of Malaya. It specialized in the pepper trade and had a powerful fleet. In the 16th and early 17th centuries, Atjeh fought successfully against the Portuguese. Atjeh’s importance declined after the capture of Malacca in 1641 by the Dutch, who also penetrated Atjeh’s vassal holdings. From 1873 to 1904 the Netherlands waged a colonial war against Atjeh. The people of Atjeh, under the leadership of Teku Umar, Tengku Tjhik di-Tiro, and others, heroically resisted the invaders. Partisan activities continued until 1913. Since 1956, Atjeh has been a province in the Republic of Indonesia.

REFERENCES

Snouck Hurgronje, C. The Achehnese, vols. 1–2. Leiden, 1906.
Said, Mohammad. Atjeh sepandjang abad. Medan, 1961.

V. A. TIURIN

References in periodicals archive ?
See also, Raden Hosein Djajadiningrat, Kesultanan Aceh (Critisch Overzicht van de in Maleische werken vervatte gegevens over de geschiedenis van her Soeltanaat van Atjeh), trans.
The Contest for North Sumatera Atjeh, the Netherlands and Britain 1858-1898.
Rentjong Atjeh was promoted as 'the first great Malay historical drama' in advertisements when it was released (advertisement for Rentjong Atjeh, ST, 29 Aug.
Anton Stolwijk, Atjeh. Het verhaal van de bloedigste strijd uit de Nederlandse koloniale geschiedenis.
Siegel's book contains six articles, four of which had been published before, either in Diacritics ('The Reappearance of Georg Simmel' and 'Academic Work: The View from Cornell') or in Indonesia ('Kiblat and the Mediatic Jew' and 'The Curse of the Photograph: Atjeh 1901').
Kreemer, Atjeh algemeen samenvattend overzicht van land en volk van Atjeh en onderhoorigheden (Leiden: E.
Kreemer, the head of the Atjeh Institute in Banda Aceh and author of the massive encyclopaedic work Atjeh (1922-23)--the most exhaustive work ever to appear on Aceh in the Dutch language--referred to Snouck Hurgronje when he claimed that, in the years before the Dutch conquest, Aceh was characterized by 'complete anarchy, legal insecurity, bad governance, terrorism, arbitrariness, and horrible suppression'.
Kruijt, Atjeh en de Atjehers: Twee Jaren Blokkade op Sumatra's Noord-Oost-Kust (Leiden: Gualth.
Available online, the digitized collection in this archive continues to expand, with a total of 128,694 images, 1766 items with Atjeh as a keyword, and 3601 items with Aceh as a keyword in June 2012.
Piekaar, Atjeh en de oorlog met Japan (Den Haag: Van Hoeve, 1949).
Nederland had vragen gesteld over de opstand in Atjeh, waar naar verluidt het leger met veel geweld was opgetreden.
See Teuku Iskandar (ed.), De Hikajat Atjeh (The Hague: Verhandelingen van bet Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Indie no.