Atlanta campaign

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Atlanta campaign,

May–Sept., 1864, of the U.S. Civil War. In the spring of 1864, Gen. W. T. ShermanSherman, William Tecumseh,
1820–91, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Lancaster, Ohio. Sherman is said by many to be the greatest of the Civil War generals.
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 concentrated the Union armies of G. H. Thomas, J. B. McPherson, and J. M. Schofield around Chattanooga. On May 6 he began to move along the railroad from Chattanooga to Atlanta against Dalton, Ga., c.30 mi (48 km) southeast, where Gen. J. E. JohnstonJohnston, Joseph Eggleston,
1807–91, Confederate general, b. Prince Edward co., Va., grad. West Point, 1829. He served against the Seminole in Florida and with distinction under Winfield Scott in the Mexican War.
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 had a smaller Confederate force. Sherman had a twofold objective: the destruction of Johnston's army and the capture of Atlanta, c.140 mi (225 km) southeast. Since Johnston was strongly entrenched, Sherman turned his left flank, forcing him back to Resaca, c.12 mi (19 km) south. The campaign continued in this way—Sherman outflanking Johnston, who withdrew to previously fortified positions—until June 27, when Sherman tried a direct attack at Kennesaw Mt., c.25 mi (40 km) NW of Atlanta, and was repulsed. He then reverted to flank operations. By July, Johnston had withdrawn to the south bank of the Chattahoochee River, where he prepared to fight on his own terms. On July 17, the day Sherman crossed the Chattahoochee, John Bell HoodHood, John Bell,
1831–79, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Owingsville, Ky. He resigned from the army (Apr., 1861) and entered the Confederate service 1862. He fought in the Peninsular campaign and at the second battle of Bull Run (Aug.
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 replaced Johnston. Following Johnston's plan, Hood unsuccessfully attacked Sherman's divided army (July 20) as it crossed Peach Tree Creek, a small tributary of the Chattahoochee. In the battles of Atlanta (July 22) and Ezra Church (July 28), Hood again failed to stop the Union advance; he then retired behind the strong works of Atlanta, which Sherman soon had under bombardment. The Union lines were gradually extended until the Confederate line of communications south of the city was broken on Sept. 1. Hood abandoned Atlanta that night and Sherman occupied it on Sept. 2, 1864, and burned it.


See A. A. Hoehling, Last Train from Atlanta (1958); S. Carter, The Siege of Atlanta, 1864 (1973); A. Castel, Decision in the West: The Atlanta Campaign of 1864 (1992).

References in periodicals archive ?
On one hand, he provides a detailed and engaging narrative that covers topics both specific to the Atlanta Campaign and far afield from his book's central focus.
A Long and Bloody Task: The Atlanta Campaign From Dalton Through Kennesaw Mountain to the Chattahoochee River, May 5-July 18, 1864
While I live and breathe politics and governance, I had not been involved directly in an Atlanta campaign in a while," Teper says, "but the vision Alex has for the City's future is one I wholeheartedly support and wanted to be involved in.
In "All the Fighting They Want: The Atlanta Campaign from Peachtree Creek to the City's Surrender, July 18-September 2, 1864 ", military historian Steve Davis, (who is perhaps the world's foremost authority on the Atlanta campaign) vividly presents the last great struggle for the city.
Sherman during the Civil War on his infamous Atlanta Campaign and March to the Sea.
They include the Jamestown Massacre, the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the Battle of Tippecanoe, the Battle of the Alamo, the Battle of Gettysburg, the Atlanta Campaign, the Battle of Wounded Knee, the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Battle of Midway, the invasion of Normandy, the Battle of the Bulge, the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, the Tet Offensive, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Enduring Freedom.
Although the battle of Pickett's Mill is considered to have been a minor engagement in the Atlanta Campaign of 1864, it is regarded as one of the best preserved Civil War battlefields in the nation.
Atlanta had been crushed by General Sherman during his Atlanta Campaign in the Civil War, and the city was seeking to rise from the ashes of the fires that had destroyed both its past and its promise of a future.
Among the most endangered fields are Manassas National Battlefield Park in Virginia, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park in West Virginia, Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi, and the various battlefields in Tennessee and Georgia that were part of the 1864 Atlanta campaign.
Stoneman himself attributed much of his poor showing on a disastrous raid during the Atlanta campaign to prostration from blood loss.
During the Atlanta campaign and his famous march to the sea, for example, Sherman sought to "use destruction to impose order" (p.

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