The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a fossil man whose skeletal remains (three lower jaw bones and a parietal bone of a skull) were discovered in Algeria in 1954 and 1955. The jaw bones are massive, and the chin is not prominent. The teeth are large, but fully human in structure. The parietal bone is relatively thick. Stone tools—chippers and hand choppers of the Chellean-Acheulian type—were found with the bones of the Atlanthropus. The anatomy of the A tlanthropus is most similar to that of the ancient Archanthropoid peoples. Atlanthropus is considered to be a North African representative of the genus Pithecanthropus. Atlanthropus lived roughly 360,000 years ago.


Uryson, M. I. “Noveishie paleoantropologicheskie otkrytiia v Afrike.” Sovetskaia antropologiia, 1957, no. 1.
Iakimov, V. P. “ ‘Atlantrop’—novyi predstavitel” drevneishikh gominid.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1956, no. 3.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.