Atlantic Charter

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Atlantic Charter

Atlantic Charter (ətlătĭk, ăt–), joint program of peace aims, enunciated by Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt of the United States on Aug. 14, 1941. Britain at that time was engaged in World War II, and the United States was to enter the war four months later. The statement, which was not an official document, was drawn up at sea, off the coast of Newfoundland. It supported the following principles and aims: renunciation of territorial aggrandizement; opposition to territorial changes made against the wishes of the people concerned; restoration of sovereign rights and self-government to those forcibly deprived of them; access to raw materials for all nations of the world and easing of trade restrictions; world cooperation to secure improved economic and social conditions for all; freedom from fear and want; freedom of the seas; and abandonment of the use of force, as well as disarmament of aggressor nations. In the United Nations declaration of Jan. 1, 1942, the signatory powers pledged adherence to the principles of the charter.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Atlantic Charter


declaration of the heads of government of the USA and Great Britain—F. D. Roosevelt and W. Churchill. The charter was signed during World War II on Aug. 14, 1941, after negotiations that took place on board warships in the Atlantic Ocean, near Newfoundland.

The Atlantic Charter, which consisted of eight points, discussed in a general form the war aims and the postwar arrangement of the world. The declaration stated that the USA and Britain “seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other,” that “they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned,” and that “they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live.” On Sept. 14, 1941, the Soviet Union declared its adherence to the Atlantic Charter, while pointing out that the implementation of the principles of the Atlantic Charter should conform to the circumstances, needs, and special historical features of each country. The statement of the USSR emphasized that the main task was to concentrate all the economic and military resources of the freedom-loving peoples to achieve the full and speediest liberation of the peoples suffering under the oppression of the Hitlerite hordes. On Jan. 1, 1942, representatives of the governments that had announced their support for the principles of the Atlantic Charter signed the Declaration of the Twenty-six States (Declaration of the United Nations) in Washington, D.C. Even during World War II, and especially after it ended, the USA and Britain began violating the principles of the Atlantic Charter.


Vneshniaia politika SSSR v period Olechestvennoi voiny, vol. 1. Moscow, 1944. Pages 147–48.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After all, Atlantic Charter does sound awfully like a long-lost, long-haul airline.
This order was to be based on the Four Freedoms and the Atlantic Charter of 1941, although the latter furnished only very vague and general maxims.
Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill drafted the Atlantic Charter on a ship anchored in Canada's Placentia Bay.
After the Atlantic Charter came the United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions, the global trade system, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and much more.
When Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt met in August 1941 on the battleship HMS Prince of Wales to agree the Atlantic Charter, a church service was held for which Prime Minister Churchill chose the hymns.
The demand of right of self determination of people of IOK were indisputable and genuine as it was accepted in UN Atlantic Charter, Geneva Convention, International law and UNSC resolutions, he explained.
This long-term strategic effort culminated with the August 1941 meeting of Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Newfoundland, when the historic Atlantic Charter was announced.
"Credible elections on June 5, the work of the Special Prosecutor, reforms in media and in other areas - together they send a strategic message to future NATO Allies of your commitment to the values in the North Atlantic Charter. Half measures, however, send the opposite message and erode support.
On 14 August, the Anglo-American leaders issued the Atlantic Charter, a statement of "common principles" embodying their hopes for a "better future for the world." (2) The document had eight sections, the third of which proclaimed "the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live." In keeping with this, the two leaders expressed the wish "to see sovereign rights and self-government restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them." Much has been written about this celebrated document, (3) while the many photographs taken during the gathering in Placentia Bay have never lost their lustre.
It states that nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and fair equality of opportunity have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no external compulsion or interference which can be traced back to the Atlantic Charter, signed on 14 August 1941, by Franklin D Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, and Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom who pledged The Eight Principal points of the Charter.

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