Atlantic Charter

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Atlantic Charter

(ətlătĭk, ăt–), joint program of peace aims, enunciated by Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt of the United States on Aug. 14, 1941. Britain at that time was engaged in World War II, and the United States was to enter the war four months later. The statement, which was not an official document, was drawn up at sea, off the coast of Newfoundland. It supported the following principles and aims: renunciation of territorial aggrandizement; opposition to territorial changes made against the wishes of the people concerned; restoration of sovereign rights and self-government to those forcibly deprived of them; access to raw materials for all nations of the world and easing of trade restrictions; world cooperation to secure improved economic and social conditions for all; freedom from fear and want; freedom of the seas; and abandonment of the use of force, as well as disarmament of aggressor nations. In the United Nations declaration of Jan. 1, 1942, the signatory powers pledged adherence to the principles of the charter.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Atlantic Charter

 

declaration of the heads of government of the USA and Great Britain—F. D. Roosevelt and W. Churchill. The charter was signed during World War II on Aug. 14, 1941, after negotiations that took place on board warships in the Atlantic Ocean, near Newfoundland.

The Atlantic Charter, which consisted of eight points, discussed in a general form the war aims and the postwar arrangement of the world. The declaration stated that the USA and Britain “seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other,” that “they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned,” and that “they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live.” On Sept. 14, 1941, the Soviet Union declared its adherence to the Atlantic Charter, while pointing out that the implementation of the principles of the Atlantic Charter should conform to the circumstances, needs, and special historical features of each country. The statement of the USSR emphasized that the main task was to concentrate all the economic and military resources of the freedom-loving peoples to achieve the full and speediest liberation of the peoples suffering under the oppression of the Hitlerite hordes. On Jan. 1, 1942, representatives of the governments that had announced their support for the principles of the Atlantic Charter signed the Declaration of the Twenty-six States (Declaration of the United Nations) in Washington, D.C. Even during World War II, and especially after it ended, the USA and Britain began violating the principles of the Atlantic Charter.

PUBLICATION

Vneshniaia politika SSSR v period Olechestvennoi voiny, vol. 1. Moscow, 1944. Pages 147–48.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(77) CAUL, D42/GM20/1/4/12, Atlantic Conference, 1937 Westbound and Eastbound Carryings by Ships.
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The Greyhounds have made two trips to the NCAA playoffs, including a berth in the 1988 South Region final; a Middle Atlantic Conference championship in 1988 and a Commonwealth Division title in 1993; ECAC Southeast Championship game appearances in 2002 and 2004 and a string of 11 consecutive winning seasons--the longest streak in school history.
Immediately following World War II, many regional motor carrier rate bureaus, such as the Middle Atlantic Conference, Middlewest Motor Freight Bureau, and Southern Motor Carriers Rate Conference, established their own weighing and inspection bureaus.
I'd like to package them and show our loan officers how to call on builders and Realtors and not depend on leads from a centralized lead center." Alonso was a featured speaker at the National Home Equity Mortgage Association's (NHEMA's) Southeast Atlantic Conference in Miami last November.
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Ranger (CV-4) (1936-1937); served in a series of staff posts (1937-February 1940); while serving in the War Plans Division, Office of the CNO (February 1940-February 1942), he attended the Atlantic Conference (August 1941); after staff duty at headquarters, commander in chief U.S.
Next, he coached at Division II Presbyterian College (S.C.) and compiled an overall 94-18 record, a 39-3 conference mark, won three South Atlantic Conference Championships, and made three NCAA Tournament appearances.
The Building Owners & Managers Association of Greater New York (BOMA/NY) announced that the two member properties won Middle Atlantic Conference (MAC) The Outstanding Building of the Year (TOBY) Awards.
For Southern and other historically Black colleges in the Mideastern Atlantic Conference (MEAC) and Southwestern Atlantic Conference (SWAC), the numbers are even greater.

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