Atlas Mountains


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Atlas Mountains,

system of ranges and plateaus in NW Africa, extending c.1,500 mi (2,410 km) from SW Morocco, through N Algeria, to N Tunisia; Jebel Toubkal (13,671 ft/4,167 m), in SW Morocco, is the highest peak. The Atlas Mts., predominantly folded mountains of sedimentary rock, were uplifted during the late Jurassic period. Geologically related to the Alpine system of Europe, they are separated from the Sierra NevadaSierra Nevada
, chief mountain range of S Spain, in Granada prov., running from east to west for c.60 mi (100 km), parallel to the Mediterranean Sea. The range's highest peak is Mulhacén (11,411 ft/3,478 m).
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 of Spain by the Strait of Gibraltar and from Sicily and the ApenninesApennines
, Ital. Appennino, mountain system, running the entire length of the Italian peninsula. It extends south c.840 mi (1,350 km) from the Cadibona Pass in Liguria, NW Italy, where the Apennines join with the Ligurian Alps, to the Strait of Messina; the mountains of
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 of Italy by the Mediterranean Sea; the Canary IslandsCanary Islands,
Span. Islas Canarias, group of seven islands (1990 pop. 1,589,403), 2,808 sq mi (7,273 sq km), autonomous region of Spain, in the Atlantic Ocean off Western Sahara. They constitute two provinces of Spain. Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1990 pop.
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 are a westward extension. The Atlas system is most rugged in Morocco, where, from north to south, the Rif (or Rif Atlas), Middle Atlas, High or Grand Atlas (the highest part of the system), and Anti-Atlas are found; fertile lowlands separate the ranges. In Algeria the system becomes a series of plateaus, with the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas rimming the extensive Plateau of the Chotts before converging in Tunisia.

The Atlas Mts. are a climatic barrier between the Mediterranean basin and the SaharaSahara
[Arab.,=desert], world's largest desert, c.3,500,000 sq mi (9,065,000 sq km), N Africa; the western part of a great arid zone that continues into SW Asia. Extending more than 3,000 mi (4,830 km), from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea, the Sahara is bounded on the N by
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 Desert. The slopes facing north are generally well watered and have important farmland and forests; on these slopes are the headwaters of many streams used for irrigation. The slopes facing south and the drier areas of the system are generally covered with shrub and grasses and have salt lakes and salt flats; sheep grazing is important there. The Atlas Mts. are rich in minerals, especially phosphates, coal, iron, and oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
tailor an Atlas Mountains trek in Morocco to raise cash
The Eve Branson Foundation was founded when Eve's son, Sir Richard Branson during one of his famous ballooning expeditions, purchased the Kasbah Tamadot, 45 minutes from Marrakech in the Atlas Mountains.
Nestled between the Atlas Mountains and the Djebilet Hills, the Palais Namaskar hosts a total of 41 units, comprising of guestrooms, suites, villas and palaces.
Additionally, it will include an equestrian school with professional instructors, a professional 18-hole golf course with views of the Atlas Mountains, a five-star hotel and a six-star boutique hotel and luxury residential units.
Yet it is the location, just 20-minutes from the ancient center of the vibrant 'Red City' of Marrakech, and a 10-minute drive from the international airport, in view of North Africa's majestic Atlas Mountains, that is capturing visitors' imagination.
The company is offering a Christmas or New Year holiday in the High Atlas Mountains at Kasbah Tamadot in Morocco, which includes accommodations, transfers, festive Berber feasts, live local entertainment, and Moroccan wine tasting.
To find out why, here I am (a reasonably fit 67-year old) tackling the huge slopes of the Atlas mountains, where the tribal people of North Africa still maintain a culture that has not changed in centuries.
Summary: Six students from Rice University have spent the past month in Morocco figuring out how best to capture drops of water in the foggy Atlas Mountains so that nearby villagers have better access to safe drinking water.
The objective was the Atlas Mountains and the summit of Jbel Toubkal-4167m--in particular.
AaAa "Les Forts de l'Atlas" shed light on the collective Amazigh granaries in the Atlas mountains, which have been in use since the 10th century, and pointed to the threats endangering them.
Morocco, one of the jewels of the Middle East and North African (MENA) region, home to exotic cities such as Marrakech and Casablanca, sunspots such as Agadir and Essaouira, and with timeless attractions including the breathtaking Atlas Mountains, is the 2009 winner of the African Business magazine award for Tourism Destination of the Year.
Summary: Aramex, the global logistics solutions provider, today announced that its veteran runners, Salameh Al Aqra and Mohammed Sweity finished third and 58th respectively at the 24th edition of the 2009 Morocco Marathon des Sables, a gruelling 202-kilometre endurance footrace across the Atlas Mountains, south of Morocco.

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