Atriplex


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Related to Atriplex: saltbush
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Atriplex

 

a genus of plants of the family Chenopodiaceae. They are annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs, and shrubs. The plants have alternate leaves which are often covered with a mealy bloom (as is the stem). The flowers are unisexual, on monoecious, rarely dioecious, plants; they are gathered into small clusters, forming spicate or paniculate inflorescences. The staminate flowers are five-membered; the pistillate flowers generally do not have a perianth. The fruit is indehiscent and monospermous.

There are approximately 200 species of Atriplex, distributed in temperate and subtropical zones. More than 35 species are found in the USSR. Common orache (Atriplex patula) and the species A. nitens, which are both annuals, grow along fields, orchards, gardens, and vacant lots. The species A. tatarica grows on saline soil and among plantings of cotton. In Middle Asia, species of A triplex serve as feed for camels. Distributed in saline deserts and semideserts are the subshrubs A. alba, a good fuel and a pasture feed for camels in the winter and fall, and A. verrucifera (often included in the genus Halimione), which serves as feed for sheep and beef cattle. Garden orache, or French spinach (A. hortensis), is raised as an ornamental; its leaves, as well as those of A. tatarica and A. nitens, are sometimes used as food. Plants of the genus Chenopodium are often called Atriplex.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Khan MA, Ungar IA (1984) Seed polymorphism and germination responses to salinity stress in Atriplex triangularis Willd.
Khan MA and Ungar IA (1984) The effect of salinity and temperature on the germination of polymorphic seeds and growth of Atriplex triangularis Willd.
The riverine vegetation for upstream (station 3 Rachgoun) under semi-arid climate arid a (Sebdou station 1), one of the species planted the most tolerant at these conditions is Tamarix africana in wet depressions and near the lightly soiled marshes; While the halophytes species (Zygophyllum, Atriplex, Suaeda ) and hydrophytic vegetation (Nerium oleander ) are the most suitable for freshwater and brackish water bodies respectively.
Seedlings of a variety of halophytic marsh species including Suaeda esteroa, estuary seablite, and Salicornia bigelovii, dwarf pickleweed, and a variety of coastal sage scrub species like Atriplex canescens, four-wing salt bush, have been successfully grown in greenhouses and transplanted for restoration purposes (Zedler 2001, Francis 2009).
Plants planted at the new park include Washingtonia, Neem, Delonix regia, Atriplex and Tecoma, to name a few.
The nutritive evaluation of mixture of fresh acacia and atriplex (1:1, FAA) and mixture of silages of acacia and atriplex (1:1, AAS), revealed that the mixing acacia with atriplex in fresh form could be formed good quality roughage and alternative animal feed resource for ruminant feeding especially in the dry season or when roughage source availability was low (El-Waziry, 2007).
tenuipennis is abundant on fourwing saltbush, Atriplex canescens; it also occurs on cattle saltbush, Atriplex polycarpa, seepweed or seabite, Suaeda spp., greasewood, Sarcobatus vermiculatus, and introduced prickly Russian thistle, Salsola tragus (Ball et al.
[10] also used the same growth regulators to break dormancy of Atriplex. Other groups [11-13] used other growth regulators like indolbutyric acid (IBA) 24- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (24-D) or kinetin (kin) with different plants such as Avicennia Triticum Vigna sinensis and Zea mays.