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see AzerbaijanAzerbaijan
, Iran. Azarbayejan, region, c.34,280 sq mi (88,785 sq km), NW Iran, divided into the provinces of East Azerbaijan (1996 pop. 3,325,540), West Azerbaijan (1996 pop. 2,496,320), and Ardabil (1996 pop. 1,168,011).
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, region, Iran.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the ancient Greek name for a region of southern Azerbaijan covering an area that includes the Talysh Mountains, the Araks River, and Lake Urmia.

The designation Atropatene is usually traced to the name Atropat, a satrap of the Achaemenids who ruled this region in the fourth century B.C. In the opinion of some investigators, the designation Atropatene is linked with the title of atropate(theocratic ruler). The atropates placed themselves as kings at the head of Atropatene. The information provided by ancient authors about Atropatene permits it to be considered an early slave-owning state and one of the main centers of the Zoroastrian religion. The capital of Atropatene was the city of Hazak. In the third century B .C. under the leadership of Artabazan, Atropatene participated actively in the struggle against the expansionist policies of the Seleucids, and subsequently—especially in the last centuries B.C.—in the struggle against Roman expansion. In the early second century B.C., Atropatene included the territory of the city of Nakhichevan on the Araks River. In the seventh century A.D. Atropatene was conquered by the Arab caliphate.


Istoriia Azerbaidzhana, vol. 1. Baku, 1958.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
72 the Alani again devastated Media Atropatene and Armenia,(17) and some three years later Volagases I of Parthia proposed a joint Roman/Parthian expedition against the Alani, to be led by one of Vespasian's sons; the latter's younger son was extremely disappointed when the proposal came to nothing (Suetonius, Dom.
The idea of comparing the emperor with Vologeses I of Parthia and his brother Pacorus, ruler of Media Atropatene, seems to be Tacitus' own work,(44) and the reason for bringing up Pacorus too appears to lie in a wish to balance |inermem et senem', itself an expression by no means as innocent as it looks: Plutarch, and almost certainly the common source, had used these words to characterise one of Galba's first victims, Petronius Turpilianus.(45) In any event, the comparison throws |inermem et senem' into the strongest relief: little as we know about Vologeses, he was surely a good deal younger than Galba (he reigned until 79),(46) and if faced with the threat of being driven from |avito Arsacidarum solio', he would no doubt have armed himself to the teeth.