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see AzerbaijanAzerbaijan
, Iran. Azarbayejan, region, c.34,280 sq mi (88,785 sq km), NW Iran, divided into the provinces of East Azerbaijan (1996 pop. 3,325,540), West Azerbaijan (1996 pop. 2,496,320), and Ardabil (1996 pop. 1,168,011).
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, region, Iran.



the ancient Greek name for a region of southern Azerbaijan covering an area that includes the Talysh Mountains, the Araks River, and Lake Urmia.

The designation Atropatene is usually traced to the name Atropat, a satrap of the Achaemenids who ruled this region in the fourth century B.C. In the opinion of some investigators, the designation Atropatene is linked with the title of atropate(theocratic ruler). The atropates placed themselves as kings at the head of Atropatene. The information provided by ancient authors about Atropatene permits it to be considered an early slave-owning state and one of the main centers of the Zoroastrian religion. The capital of Atropatene was the city of Hazak. In the third century B .C. under the leadership of Artabazan, Atropatene participated actively in the struggle against the expansionist policies of the Seleucids, and subsequently—especially in the last centuries B.C.—in the struggle against Roman expansion. In the early second century B.C., Atropatene included the territory of the city of Nakhichevan on the Araks River. In the seventh century A.D. Atropatene was conquered by the Arab caliphate.


Istoriia Azerbaidzhana, vol. 1. Baku, 1958.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Primate of the Armenian Diocese of Atrpatakan, Supreme Archimandrite Grigor Chiftchyan, asked the Aras economic zone department for protection of cultural and religious monuments to observe the norms of Armenian church construction in the restoration, Blagovest-Info reported.
In response to the journalists' remarks that the given document was available on the website of the Atrpatakan Province of Iran,
East Atrpatakan Province headed by Governor Ahmad Alireza Beigi, on Thursday.
Armen Gevorgyan took a positive view of efficient cooperation of East Atrpatakan Province