Pearl Harbor Day

(redirected from Attack on Pearl Harbor)
Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Pearl Harbor Day

December 7
Pearl Harbor Day marks the anniversary of the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor in 1941, bringing the United States into World War II and widening the European war to the Pacific.
The bombing, which began at 7:55 a.m. Hawaiian time on a Sunday morning, lasted little more than an hour but devastated the American military base on the island of Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands. Nearly all the ships of the U.S. Pacific Fleet were anchored there side by side, and most were damaged or destroyed; half the bombers at the army's Hickam Field were destroyed. The battleship USS Arizona sank, and 1,177 sailors and Marines went down with the ship, which became their tomb. In all, the attack claimed more than 3,000 casualties—2,403 killed and 1,178 wounded.
On the following day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed a solemn Congress to ask for a declaration of war. His opening unforgettable words: "Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan." War was declared immediately with only one opposing vote, that by Rep. Jeannette Rankin of Montana.
In the months that followed, the slogan "Remember Pearl Harbor" swept America, and radio stations repeatedly played the song of the same name with these lyrics:
Let's remember Pearl Harbor, as we go to meet the foe,
Let's remember Pearl Harbor, as we did the Alamo.
We will always remember, how they died for liberty,
Let's remember Pearl Harbor, and go on to victory.
Many states proclaim a Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, and each year, services are held on December 7 at the Arizona Memorial in Pearl Harbor. The marble memorial, built over the sunken USS Arizona and dedicated in 1962, was designed by architect Albert Preis, a resident of Honolulu who was an Austrian citizen in 1941 and was interned as an enemy alien.
In 1991, on the 50th anniversary of the attack, commemorations were held over several days in Hawaii.
The observances began on Dec. 4, designated as Hawaii Remembrance Day. Ceremonies recalled the death of civilians in downtown Pearl Harbor. One of them was Nancy Masako Arakaki, a nine-year-old Japanese-American girl killed when anti-aircraft shells fell on her Japanese-language school.
On Dec. 5, Survivors Day, families of those present in Pearl Harbor in 1941 attended ceremonies at the Arizona Memorial. Franklin Van Valkenburgh, the commanding officer of the USS Arizona, was among those remembered; he posthumously won the Medal of Honor for his heroism aboard ship.
Dec. 6 was a Day of Reflection, intended to focus on the gains since the war rather than on the losses of the day.
On Pearl Harbor Day itself, former President George Bush, who received the Distinguished Flying Cross for heroism as a Navy pilot in the Pacific during World War II, spoke at ceremonies beginning at 7:55 a.m. at the Arizona Memorial. Other dignitaries were all Americans; no foreign representatives were invited, out of political prudence. Other events included a parade, a flyover by jet fighters, an outdoor concert by the Honolulu Symphony presenting the premiere of Pearl Harbor Overture: Time of Remembrance by John Duffy, and a wreath-laying service at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in the Punchbowl overlooking Honolulu. And finally, at sunset on Pearl Harbor Day, survivors and their families gathered at the Arizona Visitors Center for a final service to honor those who died aboard the battleship in 1941.
CONTACTS:
Library of Congress
101 Independence Ave. S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20540
202-707-5510; fax: 202-707-2076
www.loc.gov
USS Arizona Memorial
National Park Service
1 Arizona Memorial Pl.
Honolulu, HI 96818
808-422-0561; fax: 808-483-8608
www.nps.gov
Naval Historical Center
805 Kidder Breese S.E.
Washington Navy Yard, Bldg. 76
Washington, DC 20374
202-433-4882; fax: 202-433-8200
www.history.navy.mil
SOURCES:
AmerBkDays-2000, p. 816
AnnivHol-2000, p. 204
PatHols-2006, p. 219
(c)
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thomas Hart, was notified of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Hart was not on good terms with Gen.
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Ward was retrofitted as a high-speed transport.
Washington D.C., May 29 ( ANI ): Republican nominee Donald Trump questioned that why President Barack Obama did not mention the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor during his trip this week to Japan.
* That the United States, committed to aiding Great Britain and weakened by the attack on Pearl Harbor, would be unable to mobilize sufficient strength to go on the offensive in the Pacific for from eighteen months to two years.
This confidence was strengthened at a 27 November joint meeting of General Short and Admiral Kimmel with members of their staffs during which Kimmel asked his War Plans Officer, Captain Charles McMorris (1890-1954)--thought to be the best informed of his staff in this regard--what the chances were of a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor; McMorris answered, "None." (24) The whole gathering of officers shared this judgment, with no one dissenting.
A World War II American plane flies in front of a wall of fire as it takes part in a re-enactment of the attack on Pearl Harbor during an afternoon air show at the E AirVenture at Wittman Regional Airport in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, on August 3.
World War II did not start with the attack on Pearl Harbor. World War II began Sept.
"Those who survived the attack on Pearl Harbor came home, held jobs, built families and communities.
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor is one of the seminal events of American history.
Soucy, who died last year at the age of 90, wanted his ashes interred inside the USS Utah, his ship that sank in the surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 70 years ago, on Dec.
The 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on lower Manhattan and the Pentagon prompted him to begin writing a book comparing them to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 60 years earlier.
It isn't the 50th, 75th or some other milestone, but today is the anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and all Americans should take a moment on this day to recall the sacrifices of the thousands of American sailors and soldiers who perished on that fateful day 69 years ago.