Attar, Farid Al-Din Muhammad ben Ibrahim

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Attar, Farid Al-Din Muhammad ben Ibrahim


Born circa 1119; year of death unknown. Persian-Tajik poet and mystic. Asserted the concepts of Dervish and Sufi moral philosophy in his poetry.

Attar, a highly educated man, collected in his works a wealth of interesting tales drawn from oriental folklore. His chief work was the narrative poem Language of the Birds (written c. 1175), which reflects the influence of al-Ghazzali’s Treatise on the Birds. One of the major literary monuments of Sufism, the poem enjoyed enormous popularity and inspired many poets, including Navoi. Attar was also the author of Mukhtar-Náme, Book of Exhortation, Book of Ascent, the anthology Biography of the Sheikhs, and other works.


Bertel’s, E. E. “Navoi i Attar.” In Mir-Ali-Shir. Leningrad, 1928.
Nafisi, Said. Just-u-ju dar ahval va asar-i Faridal-Din ’Attar Nishaburi. Tehran, 1942.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.