Attelabidae


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Attelabidae

 

a family of herbivorous beetles closely related to the weevils (Curculionidae). The body length is 2–15 mm. The coloring is usually bright, with a metallic sheen, the most common colors being red, green, dark blue, bronze, more rarely black, and sometimes mottled. The larvae are white and legless and are C-shaped. They develop in slowly withering or rotting plant tissues. Adults instinctively care for their young.

The Attelabidae are divided into two groups, according to the way in which the female prepares parts of plants for the larvae. The first group consists of Rhynchites and closely related genera. The females deposit the eggs in holes that they bore in juicy parts of plants (young shoots, buds, fruits), which the larvae later feed on. This group includes many pests of fruit crops, such as Caenorhinus pauxillus and Rhynchites auratus. Females of the second group deposit each egg in leaf tissue, which they roll into a sturdy tube, and usually chew through the principal vein of the leaf, after which it withers.

The most common representatives of Attelabidae are Apoderus coryl, Attelabus nitens, Byctiscus betulae, and Deporaus betulae. There are approximately 1,300 species, distributed mainly in tropical forest regions. The USSR has as many as 100 species, mainly in the southern Far East but also in the Caucasus and Middle Asia.

REFERENCE

Ter-Minasian, M. E. Dolgonosiki-trubkoverty (Attelabidae). Moscow-Leningrad, 1950. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye zhestkokrylye, vol. 27, fasc. 2.)

O. L. KRYZHANOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The leaf-rolling weevils, or family Attelabidae, are geographically widespread (Legalov 2007, 2008a, 2008b, 2010) and currently comprise more than 170 genera and about 1300 species in the world.
The largest number of species of Attelabidae examined develops on cosmopolitan and tropical plant families.
In this article, I describe a new species and present the first checklist of the Attelabidae of Peru.
C-bands on chromosomes of 32 beetle species (Coleoptera: Elateridae, Cantharidae, Oedemeridae, Cerambycidae, Anthicidae, Chrysomelidae, Attelabidae and Curculionidae).
Insecticidal and fumigant activities of Cinnamomum cassia bark-derived materials against Mechoris ursulus (Coleoptera: Attelabidae).
The same difficulty applied to the leaf-rolling weevils (Attelabidae) (Table 4) and Deltochilum gibbosum mentioned above.
Fueron identificadas cinco familias de curculionidos: Attelabidae, Brentidae, Dryophthoridae, Erirhinidae y Curculionidae, un total de 77 especies fueron determinadas en 50 generos.
Checklist of the weevils occurring in the Netherlands and adjacent regions (Curculionoidea: Curculionidae, Apionidae, Attelabidae, Urodontidae, Anthribidae and Nemonychidae).
Los numeros de especies por familia fueron: Curculionidae (89), Apionidae (29), Dryophthoridae (11), Rhynchitidae (6), Attelabidae (5) y Erirhinidae (1).
The number of species per family were: Curculionidae (89), Apionidae (29), Dryophthoridae (11), Rhynchitidae (6), Attelabidae (5), y Erirhinidae (1).
El numero de especies por familia fueron: Curculionidae (89 especies), Apionidae (29), Dryophthoridae (11), Rhynchitidae (6), Attelabidae (5), y Erirhinidae (1).
(2002), Staphylinidae including Micropeplinae, Dasycerinae, Scaphidiinae, and Pselaphinae; Curculionoidea including Bruchidae, Urodontidae, Anthribidae, Nemonychidae, Attelabidae, Brentidae, Apionidae, Brachyceridae, and Rhynchophoridae (= Dryophthoridae).