Attila József

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

József, Attila


Born Apr. 11, 1905, in Budapest; died Dec. 3, 1937, in the village of Balatonszarszo. Hungarian poet; became a member of the Hungarian Communist Party in 1930.

József was the son of a worker. He studied at the universities of Szeged and Vienna and at the Sorbonne. Imitation of E. Ady, G. Juhász, and W. Whitman is noticeable in his first collection, Beggar of Beauty (1922). However, in his collections It Is Not I Who Shouts (1924) and No Father or Mother (1929), despite the well-known influence of expressionism and surrealism, he was already asserting his own defiantly grotesque, but at times sincere, lyric manner. József’s poetry, in which an intense drama-tism appears, reflects the unfortunate condition of working people and their will for revolutionary struggle (the collections Root Out the Stumps and Don’t Whine, 1931; Night on the Outskirts, 1932; and Bear’s Dance, 1934). In his last collection, Very Painful (1936), bitter protest is interwoven with depression and despair.


Összes versci. [Budapest] 1966.
Összes művei, vols. 1–4. Budapest, 1952–67.
Irodalom es szocializmus. [Budapest] 1967.
In Russian translation:
Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1958.
Stikhi. Moscow [1962].


Shargina, L. ‘Attila Iozhef.” In the collection Pisateli stran narodnoi demokratii. Moscow, 1959.
Rossiianov, O. “Poeticheskii obraz u Attily Iozhefa.” In the collection Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969.
Szabolcsi, M. Fiatal életek indulója. Budapest, 1963.
Forgács, L. József Attila esztétikója. Budapest, 1965.
Tötök, G. A lira: Logika. Budapest, 1968.
Balogh, L. József Attila, 2nd ed. Budapest, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
She has won the Glass Marble Prize, Tibo Dery Prize, Palladium Prize, Mozgo Vilag Prize, Attila Jozsef Prize, and Balassa Peter Prize for her writing.
Both the interwar Horthy era and the thirty-three-year-long communist Kadar regime had its prominent social and political poet-rebels: Attila Jozsef and Gyorgy Petri.
than Attila Jozsef if he is honest and right here and who am i to know--
and the stories they tell about the city," but his extraordinarily rich source base allows him to tell these stories through the poetry of Attila Jozsef, the writing and cultural politics of Lajos Kassak, and the music of Zoltan Kodaly and Bela Bartok, to mention a few of many notable short sections of the book.
This is the second, enlarged edition of a study first published, in 1999, in Supplementum IX of the Acta Antiqua et Archaeologica (Acta Universitatis de Attila Jozsef Nominatae), at Szeged.
Thomas Kabdebo (ed.), A Tribute to Attila Jozsef on the 70th Anniversary of His Death (Courtenay Hill: Abbey Press, 2007)
Indeed one tends to wonder about the relevance of some of the material she introduces (for example the poem by Attila Jozsef on page 20).
THE BODIES OF HIS ACTORS ARE Schilling's primary tool of communication (Buchner was, one is reminded, a prodigy in comparative anatomy), but the director augments what fragments of the original text the production retains with poems by Attila Jozsef, an early-20th-century Hungarian poet as familiar to Hungarians as Walt Whitman or Robert Frost is to Americans.
While the readership of Hungarian literature in English translation is clearly much wider across the Atlantic, this is not necessarily true of publications: of the leading twentieth-century poets readable translations of Attila Jozsef, Radnoti, Nemes Nagy, Pilinszky, and Weores were all published first in Great Britain rather than North America.
It collects all the poems, sketches, reminiscences, and unpublished notes of Gyula Illyes (1902-83) on his friend (and, at one stage, rival), socialist poet Attila Jozsef. The latter died in 1937 at the age of thirty-two and lately has been recognized as a major poet not only in his native Hungary but in most European countries.
* From a list of his work experience, made by Attila Jozsef, in an
In chronological order, the next work is the Attila Jozsef Fragments, op.