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Newton, cities, United States
Newton. 1 City (1990 pop. 16,700), seat of Harvey co., S central Kans., in an agricultural area; inc. 1872. It is a railroad division point with railroad shops and has a large mobile home industry in addition to oil wells. Machinery, motor vehicle parts, plastic products, glass, and furniture are also produced, and there is flour milling. The Chisholm Trail passed through the site. In the early 1870s, German Mennonites from Russia brought seed for what became the first hard winter wheat grown in Kansas. The city still has a large Mennonite population, and a monument to their ancestors is there. Bethel College is in North Newton.
2 City (1990 pop. 82,585), Middlesex co., E Mass., a suburb of Boston on the Charles River; settled before 1640, inc. as a city 1873. It comprises 14 residential villages. Industries include publishing and the manufacture of chemicals, precision instruments, and computers. Newton is known as a regional education center. The city is the seat of Andover Newton Theological School, Mount Ida College, Pine Manor College, and a campus of Boston College. Horace Mann, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mary Baker Eddy, and Samuel Francis Smith lived in Newton.
newton, unit of measure
newton(new -tŏn) Symbol: N. The SI unit of force, equal to the force that gives a mass of one kilogram an acceleration of one meter per second per second.
a city in the northeastern United States, in the state of Massachusetts. Population, 91,000 (1970). Newton is a residential and industrial suburb to the west of Boston. A total of 13,000 workers are employed in industry there. Leading industries include radioelectronics, instrument-making, light industry, and general machine-building.
the unit of force in the International System of Units. It is named after I. Newton, and the international symbol is N. The newton is equal to the force that imparts to a body with a mass of 1 kg an acceleration of 1 m/sec2 in the direction of the force. With the adoption of the International System, the newton will replace other units of force, such as the kilogram-force (1 kgf = 9.80665 N), the ton-force (1 ton-force = 9806.65 N), the dyne (1 dyne = 10−5 N), and the British pound-force (1 lbf = 4.45 N).
Versions: Newton 2.6 for VAX/VMS and Newton 1.2 for DEC-Alpha/OSF-1.
E-mail: J. Hulaas <firstname.lastname@example.org>. ftp://ellc4.epfl.ch /pub/languages/Newton.
["Procedural Objects in Newton", Ch. Rapin, SIGPLAN Notices 24(9) (Sep 1989)].
["The Newton Language", Ch. Rapin et al, SIGPLAN Notices 16(8):31-40 (Aug 1981)].
["Programming in Newton", Wuetrich and Menu, EPFL 1982].
Newton(1) (newton) A unit of force in the MKS system. It is the force required to accelerate one kilogram by one meter per second squared.
(2) A set of mobile computing technologies from Apple introduced in 1993 with its MessagePad personal digital assistant (PDA). The ARM-based MessagePad included handwriting recognition, an infrared port for local data transfer and a fax/modem for email and faxes. Although the MessagePad was the name of the device, it was commonly called the "Newton." The handwriting technology was often criticized for not being up to par; however, proponents of the device claimed it worked well if the user had the patience to train it properly.
The Newton eMate
In 1997, Apple offered the educational market a Newton-derived portable computer called the "eMate 300." Also using an ARM processor, the eMate had a full-size keyboard that was housed in a case similar in design to the iBook laptop, which was introduced two years later.
A Five-Year Reign
In 1998, Apple stopped production of Newton products due to competition from Palm PDAs, which were becoming popular. Apple folded the Newton, Inc. subsidiary back into the company after having spun it off a year earlier to specialize in the PDA niche. Some of the components of the Newton handwriting technology made their way into the Mac OS X operating system a few years later. See PDA and ARM.
|More commonly known as the "Newton," which is the technology behind the MessagePad, this handheld unit pioneered the PDA. (Image courtesy of Apple Inc.)|